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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2024
or
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from to

Commission File Number: 001-38441
ChampionX Corporation
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware82-3066826
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
2445 Technology Forest Blvd,Building 4, 12th Floor
The Woodlands,Texas77381
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)
(281) 403-5772
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common stock, $0.01 par valueCHXThe Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes   No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes   No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes  No 

The registrant had 190.4 million shares of common stock, $0.01 par value, outstanding as of April 18, 2024.



CHAMPIONX CORPORATION

TABLE OF CONTENTS

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CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the safe harbor from liability established by the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. All statements, other than statements of historical fact, contained in this report are forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). Forward-looking statements usually relate to future events and anticipated revenues, earnings, cash flows or other aspects of our operations or operating results. Forward-looking statements are often identified by the words “believe,” “anticipate,” “expect,” “may,” “intend,” “foresee,” “guidance,” “estimate,” “potential,” “outlook,” “plan,” “should,” “would,” “could,” “target,” “forecast” and similar expressions, including the negative thereof. The absence of these words, however, does not mean that the statements are not forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements are based on our current expectations, beliefs and assumptions concerning future developments and business conditions and their potential effect on us. While management believes that these forward-looking statements are reasonable as and when made, there can be no assurance that future developments affecting us will be those that we anticipate.

All of our forward-looking statements involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions (some of which are significant or beyond our control) that could cause actual results to materially differ from our historical experience and our present expectations or projections. Known material factors that could cause actual results to materially differ from those contemplated in the forward-looking statements are those set forth in Part I, Item 1A, “Risk Factors,” of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2023 and in Part II, Item 1A, “Risk Factors,” in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, and include the following:

The impact of the Merger Agreement (as defined below), including the disruption of management’s attention from ongoing operations, inability to complete the Merger (as defined below) due to failure to obtain stockholder approval or satisfy other closing conditions, the risk that if the Merger is not completed, the market price of our common stock could decline, the risk that we may not be able to retain key personnel, the impact on our relationships with our customers and suppliers, the impact on our operations, the occurrence of any event, change or other circumstances that could give rise to the termination of the Merger Agreement, including a termination under circumstances that could require us to pay a termination fee to SLB (as defined below);
Demand for, and profitability of our products and services, is affected by changes in the price of, and demand for, crude oil and natural gas in domestic and international markets;
Cost inflation and availability of raw materials;
The impact of inflation on wholesale product costs, labor rates, transportation costs, and on our customers’ financial position and ability to purchase our products;
Global economic conditions, geopolitical issues, supply chain disruptions, and availability and cost of credit, and the impact thereof on our operations and those of our customers and suppliers;
Changes in the amount of or types of products and services our customers buy from us due to their decreased spending or demand changes that could reduce our revenues or profit margin;
Our ability to successfully compete with other companies in our industry;
Our ability to develop and implement or introduce new technologies, products, and services, as well as our ability to protect and maintain intellectual property assets;
Our ability to successfully execute potential acquisitions and integrate acquired businesses;
Potential liabilities arising out of the installation, use or manufacturing of our products or from a chemical spill, release or other hazard;
Manufacturing disruptions, particularly with respect to our chemical products, including as a result of fires, explosions and chemical spills, releases or discharges;
Continuing consolidation within our customers’ industry;
Credit risks related to our customer base or the loss of significant customers;
Risks relating to our existing international operations and expansion into new geographical markets;
Risks relating to improper conduct by any of our employees, agents or business partners;
Failure to attract, retain and develop personnel;
The impact of natural disasters and other unusual weather conditions on our business;
Investor sentiment towards companies in the oil and gas industry due to climate change, fossil fuels and other environmental, social and governance matters;
Changes in domestic and foreign governmental public policies and actions of governments that impact oil and gas operations or favor renewable energy projects, risks associated with entry into emerging markets, changes in statutory tax rates and unanticipated outcomes with respect to tax audits;
Disruptions in the political, regulatory, economic and social conditions of the countries in which we conduct business;
Fluctuations in currency markets worldwide;
The impact of our indebtedness on our financial position and operating flexibility;
Disruptions in the capital and credit markets;



The impact of war, terrorism and civil unrest;
Risks relating to information technology and cybersecurity, including the potential for cyberattacks or security breaches that could disrupt our or our partners’ or suppliers’ operations, compromise confidential or otherwise protected information, damage our reputation, expose us to legal liability, or cause financial losses;
Changes in federal, state and local legislation and regulations relating to oil and gas development and the potential for related litigation or restrictions on our customers;
Changes in environmental and health and safety laws and regulations which may increase our costs, limit the demand for our products and services or restrict our operations; and
The impact of tariffs and other trade measures on our business.

We wish to caution you not to place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date hereof. We undertake no obligation to publicly update, revise or correct any of our forward-looking statements after the date they are made, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except to the extent required under the federal securities laws.



PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

CHAMPIONX CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended
March 31,
(in thousands, except per share data)20242023
Revenue:
Product revenue$807,827 $833,023 
Service revenue87,179 93,245 
Lease and other revenue27,135 22,079 
Total revenue922,141 948,347 
Cost of goods and services622,937 664,992 
Gross profit299,204 283,355 
Costs and expenses:
Selling, general and administrative expense172,414 160,816 
Loss (gain) on disposal group and sale-leaseback transaction(29,883)12,965 
Interest expense, net13,935 12,466 
Foreign currency transaction losses, net55 9,252 
Other expense (income), net2,927 (3,957)
Income before income taxes139,756 91,813 
Provision for income taxes26,596 28,669 
Net income113,160 63,144 
Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interest237 (388)
Net income attributable to ChampionX$112,923 $63,532 
Earnings per share attributable to ChampionX:
Basic$0.59 $0.32 
Diluted$0.58 $0.31 
Weighted-average shares outstanding:
Basic190,803 198,286 
Diluted193,964 202,440 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.
1




CHAMPIONX CORPORATION 
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
(Unaudited)
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
(in thousands)20242023
Net income$113,160 $63,144 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:
Foreign currency translation adjustments(10,078)(10,676)
Cash flow hedges3,130 (4,689)
Defined pension and other post-retirement benefits adjustments, net(37)53 
Other comprehensive loss(6,985)(15,312)
Comprehensive income106,175 47,832 
Less: Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interest237 (388)
Comprehensive income attributable to ChampionX$105,938 $48,220 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.
2




CHAMPIONX CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Unaudited)
(in thousands, except share data)March 31, 2024December 31, 2023
ASSETS
Current Assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$386,017 $288,557 
Receivables, net of allowances of $6,257 in 2024 and $5,734 in 2023
471,813 534,534 
Inventories, net543,224 521,549 
Assets held for sale15,418 15,565 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets59,692 65,212 
Total current assets1,476,164 1,425,417 
Property, plant, and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation of $784,428 in 2024 and $781,367 in 2023
759,038 773,552 
Goodwill679,704 669,064 
Intangible assets, net240,459 243,553 
Operating lease right-of-use assets103,957 69,561 
Other non-current assets63,627 60,555 
Total assets$3,322,949 $3,241,702 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
Current Liabilities:
Current portion of long-term debt$6,203 $6,203 
Accounts payable532,205 451,680 
Accrued compensation and employee benefits58,389 109,626 
Current portion of operating lease liabilities22,796 23,292 
Accrued distributor fees36,658 56,443 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities150,942 135,505 
Total current liabilities807,193 782,749 
Long-term debt593,575 594,283 
Deferred income taxes58,400 71,497 
Operating lease liabilities76,997 41,975 
Other long-term liabilities91,610 90,167 
Total liabilities1,627,775 1,580,671 
Stockholders’ equity: 
Common stock (2.5 billion shares authorized, $0.01 par value)
190.4 million shares and 191.3 million shares issued and outstanding in 2024 and 2023, respectively
1,904 1,913 
Capital in excess of par value of common stock2,143,883 2,166,911 
Accumulated deficit(391,813)(455,676)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(43,511)(36,526)
ChampionX stockholders’ equity1,710,463 1,676,622 
Noncontrolling interest(15,289)(15,591)
Total equity1,695,174 1,661,031 
Total liabilities and equity$3,322,949 $3,241,702 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.
3




CHAMPIONX CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(Unaudited)
Common Stock
(in thousands)SharesPar
Value
Capital in Excess of Par ValueAccum. DeficitAccum.
Other
Comp.
Loss
Non-controlling InterestTotal
December 31, 2023191,135 $1,913 $2,166,911 $(455,676)$(36,526)$(15,591)$1,661,031 
Net income— — — 112,923 — 237 113,160 
Other comprehensive loss— — — — (6,985)— (6,985)
Stock-based compensation677 7 6,166 — — — 6,173 
Stock options exercised168 2 915 — — — 917 
Taxes withheld on issuance of stock-based awards— — (11,821)— — — (11,821)
Dividends declared to common stockholders ($0.095 per share)
— — — (17,967)— — (17,967)
Repurchase and cancellation of common stock(1,611)(18)(18,288)(31,093)— — (49,399)
Distributions to noncontrolling interest— — — — —   
Cumulative translation adjustments— — — — — 65 65 
March 31, 2024190,369 $1,904 $2,143,883 $(391,813)$(43,511)$(15,289)$1,695,174 

Common Stock
(in thousands)SharesPar
Value
Capital in Excess of Par ValueAccum. DeficitAccum.
Other
Comp.
Loss
Non-controlling InterestTotal
December 31, 2022198,466 $1,985 $2,249,698 $(527,603)$(29,530)$(17,335)$1,677,215 
Net income— — — 63,532 — (388)63,144 
Other comprehensive loss— — — — (15,312)— (15,312)
Stock-based compensation327 3 5,231 — — — 5,234 
Stock options exercised481 5 3,009 — — — 3,014 
Taxes withheld on issuance of stock-based awards— — (5,100)— — — (5,100)
Dividends declared to common stockholders ($0.085 per share)
— — — (16,784)— — (16,784)
Repurchase and cancellation of common stock(1,302)(13)(14,811)(25,603)— — (40,427)
Distributions to noncontrolling interest— — — — — (823)(823)
Cumulative translation adjustments— — — — — 8 8 
March 31, 2023197,972 $1,980 $2,238,027 $(506,458)$(44,842)$(18,538)$1,670,169 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.
4




CHAMPIONX CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended March 31,
(in thousands)20242023
Cash flows from operating activities:  
Net income$113,160 $63,144 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash flows from operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization59,580 56,710 
Loss (gain) on disposal group and sale-leaseback transaction(29,883)12,965 
Loss on Argentina Blue Chip Swap transaction4,092  
Stock-based compensation6,173 5,234 
Provision for inventory obsolescence and write-downs 2,621 9,966 
Deferred income taxes(12,903)(8,441)
Loss (gain) on disposal of fixed assets1,107 (534)
Amortization of deferred loan costs and accretion of discount1,059 1,014 
Other1,863 1,512 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities (net of effects of foreign exchange):
Receivables62,915 62,673 
Inventories(39,873)(63,139)
Leased assets(4,254)(9,830)
Other assets(602)1,472 
Accounts payable68,248 40,708 
Other liabilities(59,795)(81,076)
Net cash flows provided by operating activities173,508 92,378 
Cash flows from investing activities:  
Capital expenditures(31,912)(26,530)
Proceeds from sale of fixed assets2,390 3,505 
Proceeds from sale-leaseback transaction44,292  
Purchase of investments(17,162) 
Sale of investments13,070  
Acquisitions, net of cash acquired(21,472) 
Net cash used for investing activities(10,794)(23,025)
Cash flows from financing activities:  
Repayment of long-term debt(1,551)(26,563)
Repurchases of common stock(49,399)(40,428)
Dividends paid(16,247)(15,011)
Payments related to taxes withheld on stock-based compensation(11,821)(5,100)
Proceeds expected to be remitted under the Accounts Receivable Facility17,083 15,774 
Other(2,158)221 
Net cash used for financing activities(64,093)(71,107)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents(1,161)(437)
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents97,460 (2,191)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period288,557 250,187 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period$386,017 $247,996 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.
5


CHAMPIONX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

NOTE 1—BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Description of the Business

ChampionX Corporation is a global leader in chemistry solutions, artificial lift systems, and highly engineered equipment and technologies that help companies drill for and produce oil and gas safely, efficiently, and sustainably around the world. Our expertise, innovative products, and digital technologies provide enhanced oil and gas production, transportation, and real-time emissions monitoring throughout the lifecycle of a well.

Unless the context requires otherwise, references in this report to “we,” “us,” “our,” “the Company,” or “ChampionX” mean ChampionX Corporation, together with its subsidiaries where the context requires.

Merger Agreement

On April 2, 2024, ChampionX entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger (the “Merger Agreement”) with Schlumberger Limited, a Curaçao corporation (“SLB”), Sodium Holdco, Inc., a Delaware corporation and indirect wholly owned subsidiary of SLB, (“Holdco”), and Sodium Merger Sub, Inc., a Delaware corporation and a wholly owned subsidiary of SLB and Holdco (“Merger Sub”), pursuant to which, and subject to the terms and conditions therein, Merger Sub will be merged with and into ChampionX (the “Merger”, together with the other transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement, the “Transactions”), with ChampionX surviving the Merger as an indirect wholly owned subsidiary of SLB.

Pursuant to the Merger Agreement, at the effective time of the Merger (the “Effective Time”) and by virtue of the Merger, each share of common stock, par value $0.01 per share, of ChampionX issued and outstanding immediately prior to the Effective Time (other than any shares of ChampionX common stock held in the treasury of ChampionX or held by SLB, Holdco or any direct or indirect wholly owned subsidiary of SLB, in each case except for any such shares held on behalf of third parties) will be converted, without any action on the part of the holder thereof, into the right to receive 0.735 shares of common stock, par value $0.01 per share, of SLB (“SLB Common Stock”), which shares will be duly authorized and validly issued in accordance with applicable laws (the “Equity Consideration”) and, if applicable, cash in lieu of fractional shares.

The Merger Agreement contains certain termination rights for each of ChampionX and SLB. Upon termination of the Merger Agreement under specified circumstances, including the termination by SLB prior to receipt of approval by ChampionX stockholders if the Board fails to recommend the adoption of the Merger Agreement, changes its recommendation, approves an alternative proposal, fails to include its recommendation in the Form S-4 or takes certain other actions as set forth in the Merger Agreement, subject in each case to certain exceptions, or the consummation of a competing acquisition proposal within 12 months of the termination of the Merger Agreement for certain specified reasons, ChampionX would be required to pay SLB a termination fee of $265.4 million.

Upon termination of the Merger Agreement under specified circumstances, including the termination by either party if certain Mutual Legal Restraints exist, specified regulatory approvals have not been obtained or if the consummation of the Merger does not occur on or prior to April 2, 2025 (subject to an automatic extension to October 2, 2025 under specified circumstances) and, subject to certain exceptions, parties will have satisfied conditions to the merger or by SLB under specified circumstances, SLB would be required to pay ChampionX a termination fee of $326.6 million.

Basis of Presentation

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of ChampionX have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (“GAAP”) and pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission pertaining to interim financial information. As permitted under those rules, certain footnotes or other financial information that are normally required by GAAP have been condensed or omitted. Therefore, these financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements, and notes thereto, which are included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2023.

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and
6


expenses during the reporting period. Although these estimates are based on management’s best knowledge of current events and actions that we may undertake in the future, actual results may differ from our estimates. In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring adjustments unless otherwise specified) necessary for a fair statement of our financial condition and results of operations as of and for the periods presented. Revenue, expenses, assets and liabilities can vary during each quarter of the year. Therefore, the results and trends in these financial statements may not be representative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2024.

Significant Accounting Policies

Please refer to “Note 1Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies” to our consolidated financial statements in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2023 for the discussion of our significant accounting policies.

New Accounting Standards Issued

In November 2023, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2023-07, “Segment Reporting - Improvements to Reportable Segment Disclosures” which requires a public business entity to disclose its significant segment expense categories and amounts for each reportable segment. A significant segment expense is an expense that is significant to the segment, regularly provided to or easily computes from information regularly provides to the chief operating decision maker (CODM), and included in the reported measure of segment profit or loss. The guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023, and interim periods in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2024, with early adoption permitted.

In December 2023, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued ASU 2023-09, “Improvements to Income Tax Disclosure” which requires a public business entity to disclose disaggregated information about the entity’s effective tax rate reconciliation, using both percentages and reporting currency amounts for specific standardized categories. Separate disclosures will be required for any reconciling items that are equal to or greater than a specified quantitative threshold. The guidance is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2024, with early adoption permitted.

NOTE 2—SEGMENT INFORMATION

Our reporting segments are:

Production Chemical Technologies—provides oil and natural gas production and midstream markets with solutions to manage and control corrosion, oil and water separation, flow assurance, sour gas treatment and a host of water-related issues.

Production & Automation Technologies—designs, manufactures, markets and services a full range of artificial lift equipment, end-to-end digital automation solutions, as well as other production equipment and asset monitoring technologies. Production & Automation Technologies’ products are sold under a collection of brands including Harbison-Fischer, Norris, Alberta Oil Tool, Oil Lift Technology, PCS Ferguson, Pro-Rod, Upco, Unbridled ESP, Norriseal-Wellmark, Quartzdyne, Spirit, Theta, Timberline, Windrock and AL Perform.

Drilling Technologies—designs, manufactures and markets polycrystalline diamond cutters and bearings for use in oil and gas drill bits under the US Synthetic brand.

Reservoir Chemical Technologies—manufactures specialty products that support well stimulation, construction (including drilling and cementing) and remediation needs in the oil and natural gas industry.

We refer to our Production Chemical Technologies segment and our Reservoir Chemical Technologies segment collectively as our Chemical Technologies business. Although Reservoir Chemical Technologies is not required to be disclosed separately as a reportable segment, based on materiality, management believes the additional information may contribute to a better understanding of the business. Other business activities that do not meet the criteria of an operating segment have been combined into Corporate and other. Corporate and other includes (i) corporate and overhead expenses, and (ii) revenue and costs for activities that are not operating segments.
7



Segment revenue and segment operating profit
Three Months Ended March 31,
(in thousands)20242023
Segment revenue:  
Production Chemical Technologies$590,108 $591,684 
Production & Automation Technologies252,614 251,548 
Drilling Technologies55,206 56,707 
Reservoir Chemical Technologies24,705 25,806 
Corporate and other (1)
(492)22,602 
Total revenue$922,141 $948,347 
Segment operating profit (loss):  
Production Chemical Technologies$87,832 $66,314 
Production & Automation Technologies28,470 34,792 
Drilling Technologies44,402 11,887 
Reservoir Chemical Technologies3,746 1,987 
Total segment operating profit164,450 114,980 
Corporate and other (1)
10,759 10,701 
Interest expense, net13,935 12,466 
Income before income taxes$139,756 $91,813 
_______________________
(1)    Corporate and other includes costs not directly attributable or allocated to our reportable segments such as overhead and other costs pertaining to corporate executive management and other administrative functions, and the results attributable to our noncontrolling interest. Additionally, the sales and expenses related to the Cross Supply and Product Transfer Agreement with Ecolab, Inc. (“Ecolab”) were included within Corporate and other from June 3, 2020, the date of the merger in which we acquired the Chemical Technologies business, through June 30, 2023. Beginning, July 1, 2023, these sales and expenses are recognized in the Production Chemical Technologies segment.
8


NOTE 3—REVENUE

Our revenue is generated primarily from product sales. Service revenue is generated from providing services to our customers. These services include installation, repair and maintenance, laboratory and logistics services, chemical management services, troubleshooting, reporting, water treatment services, technical advisory assistance, emissions detection and monitoring, and other field services. Lease revenue is derived from rental income of leased production equipment. As our costs are shared across the various revenue categories, cost of goods sold is not tracked separately and is not discretely identifiable.

In certain geographical areas, the Company utilizes joint ventures and independent third-party distributors and sales agents to sell and market products and services. Amounts payable to independent third-party distributors and sales agents may fluctuate based on sales and timing of distributor fee payments. For services rendered by such independent third-party distributors and sales agents, the Company records the consideration received on a net basis within product revenue in our condensed consolidated statements of income. Additionally, amounts owed to distributors and sales agents are reported within accrued distributor fees within our condensed consolidated balance sheets.

Revenue disaggregated by geography was as follows:
Three Months Ended March 31, 2024
(in thousands)Production Chemical TechnologiesProduction & Automation TechnologiesDrilling TechnologiesReservoir Chemical Technologies
Corporate and other (1)
Total
United States$242,484 $195,667 $43,620 $13,845 $ $495,616 
Latin America122,313 4,325 97 3,284  130,019 
Middle East & Africa79,367 14,662 2,248 5,563 (492)101,348 
Canada77,880 18,315 4,323 514  101,032 
Europe47,653 4,939 4,387 1,137  58,116 
Asia-Pacific15,325 2,339 531 362  18,557 
Australia5,086 12,367    17,453 
Other      
Total revenue$590,108 $252,614 $55,206 $24,705 $(492)$922,141 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2023
(in thousands)Production Chemical TechnologiesProduction & Automation TechnologiesDrilling TechnologiesReservoir Chemical Technologies
Corporate and other (1)
Total
United States$241,761 $192,541 $42,960 $12,573 $13,590 $503,425 
Latin America124,471 4,688  3,968 967 134,094 
Middle East & Africa76,987 15,421 2,481 6,737 (385)101,241 
Canada74,164 20,537 3,767 418 11 98,897 
Europe49,803 4,959 6,160 368 2,631 63,921 
Asia-Pacific9,219 2,078 1,337 1,179 5,788 19,601 
Australia5,949 11,324    17,273 
Other9,330  2 563  9,895 
Total revenue$591,684 $251,548 $56,707 $25,806 $22,602 $948,347 
______________________
(1)    The sales related to the Cross Supply and Product Transfer Agreement with Ecolab were included within Corporate and other from June 3, 2020 through June 30, 2023. Beginning July 1, 2023, these sales and expenses are recognized in the Production Chemical Technologies segment.
Revenue is attributed to regions based on the location of our direct customer, which in some instances is an intermediary and not necessarily the end user.

9


Contract Balances

The beginning and ending contract asset and contract liability balances from contracts with customers were as follows:
(in thousands)March 31, 2024December 31, 2023
Contract assets$ $ 
Contract liabilities - current$24,360 $27,406 

NOTE 4—INTANGIBLE ASSETS AND GOODWILL

Intangible Assets

The components of our definite- and indefinite-lived intangible assets were as follows:
March 31, 2024December 31, 2023
(in thousands)Gross
Carrying
Amount
Accumulated
Amortization
Net
Carrying
Amount
Gross
Carrying
Amount
Accumulated
Amortization
Net
Carrying
Amount
Definite-lived
intangible assets:
Customer relationships$585,014 $444,704 $140,310 $583,326 $438,181 $145,145 
Unpatented technologies149,960 79,943 70,017 142,760 75,224 67,536 
Trademarks60,156 40,367 19,789 59,862 39,564 20,298 
Patents35,588 30,045 5,543 36,438 30,664 5,774 
830,718 595,059 235,659 822,386 583,633 238,753 
Indefinite-lived
intangible assets:
Trademarks3,600 — 3,600 3,600 — 3,600 
In-process research and development1,200 — 1,200 1,200 — 1,200 
4,800 — 4,800 4,800 — 4,800 
Total$835,518 $595,059 $240,459 $827,186 $583,633 $243,553 

Goodwill

The carrying amount of goodwill, including changes therein, by reportable segment is below:
(in thousands)Production Chemical TechnologiesProduction & Automation TechnologiesDrilling TechnologiesReservoir Chemical TechnologiesTotal
December 31, 2023$356,558 $211,370 $101,136 $ $669,064 
Acquisitions (1)
 13,285   13,285 
Foreign currency translation(2,478)(167)  (2,645)
March 31, 2024$354,080 $224,488 $101,136 $ $679,704 
______________________
(1)    See Note 10—Acquisitions and Divestitures for additional information related to the acquisitions completed during the first quarter of 2024.

Goodwill is not subject to amortization but is tested for impairment on an annual basis or more frequently if impairment indicators arise.

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NOTE 5—DEBT

Long-term debt consisted of the following:

(in thousands)March 31, 2024December 31, 2023
2022 Revolving Credit Facility$ $ 
2022 Term Loan Facility617,211 618,762 
Total617,211 618,762 
Net unamortized discounts and issuance costs(17,433)(18,276)
Total long-term debt599,778 600,486 
Current portion of long-term debt (1)
(6,203)(6,203)
Long-term debt, less current portion$593,575 $594,283 
_______________________
(1) Includes the mandatory amortization payments due within twelve months related to the 2022 Term Loan Facility as of March 31, 2024.

On June 7, 2022, we entered into a restated credit agreement (the “Restated Credit Agreement”), which amends and restates the prior credit agreement. The Restated Credit Agreement provides for (i) a $625.0 million seven-year senior secured term loan B facility (the “2022 Term Loan Facility”) and (ii) a five-year senior secured revolving credit facility in an aggregate principal amount of $700.0 million, of which $100.0 million is available for the issuance of letters of credit (the “2022 Revolving Credit Facility,” and, together with the 2022 Term Loan Facility, the “Senior Secured Credit Facility”). Proceeds from future borrowings under the 2022 Revolving Credit Facility are expected to be used for working capital and general corporate purposes. The initial amount drawn under the 2022 Revolving Credit Facility has been repaid. As of March 31, 2024, we had no amounts outstanding under the 2022 Revolving Credit Facility.

The 2022 Term Loan Facility matures June 7, 2029 and the 2022 Revolving Credit Facility matures June 7, 2027. The 2022 Term Loan Facility is subject to mandatory amortization payments of 1% per annum of the initial commitment paid quarterly, which began on December 30, 2022. The Senior Secured Credit Facility contains customary representations and warranties, covenants, and events of default for loan facilities of this type. We were in compliance with all covenants as of March 31, 2024.

On September 29, 2023, we amended the Restated Credit Agreement to, among other things, reprice the Company’s $620.3 million of existing term loans under the 2022 Term Loan Facility, in connection with which new term loans in the same amount were issued. The new term loans bear interest at a per annum rate of (i) an adjusted SOFR Rate plus 2.75% per annum or (ii) a base rate plus 1.75%. The new term loans may be prepaid at any time without penalty, subject to the payment of customary breakage costs in the case of the SOFR rate loans.

On June 29, 2022, the Company executed a five-year amortizing floating-to-fixed interest rate swap to hedge our exposure to increases in variable interest rates on the 2022 Term Loan Facility. This interest rate swap agreement is based on a $300.0 million notional amount for the first three years, reducing to $150.0 million for years four and five. See Note 11—Fair Value Measurements and Note 12—Derivatives and Hedging Transactions for additional information on interest rate swaps.



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NOTE 6—COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

The Company is subject to various claims and contingencies related to, among other things, workers’ compensation, general liability (including product liability), automobile claims, health care claims, environmental matters, and lawsuits. We record liabilities where a contingent loss is probable and can be reasonably estimated. If the reasonable estimate of a probable loss is a range, the Company records the most probable estimate of the loss or the minimum amount when no amount within the range is a better estimate than any other amount. In accordance with applicable GAAP, the Company discloses a contingent liability even if the liability is not probable or the amount is not estimable, or both, if there is a reasonable possibility that a material loss may have been incurred.

Guarantees and Indemnifications

We have provided indemnities in connection with sales of certain businesses and assets, including indemnities for environmental health and safety, tax, and employment matters. We do not have any material liabilities recorded for these indemnifications and are not aware of any claims or other information that would give rise to material payments under such indemnities.

As of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, we had $74.0 million and $70.7 million, respectively, of outstanding letters of credit, surety bonds and guarantees, which expire at various dates through 2039. These financial instruments are primarily maintained as security for insurance, warranty, and other performance obligations. Generally, we would only be liable for the amount of these letters of credit, surety bonds, and guarantees in the event of default in the performance of our obligations, the probability of which we believe is remote.

Litigation and Environmental Matters

The Company is party to various proceedings and claims incidental to its business, including matters arising under provisions relating to the protection of the environment. We review the probable outcome of such proceedings, the costs and expenses reasonably expected to be incurred and accrued to date, and the availability and extent of insurance coverage. We accrue a liability for legal matters that are probable and can be reasonably estimated. If the reasonable estimate of a probable loss is a range, the Company records the most probable estimate of the loss or the minimum amount when no amount within the range is a better estimate than any other amount. While many of these matters involve inherent uncertainty, we believe that the amount of the liability, if any, ultimately incurred with respect to these proceedings and claims will not have a material adverse effect on our consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

Environmental Matters

The Company is currently participating in environmental assessments and remediation at approximately 8 locations, the majority of which are in the United States (“U.S.”). Environmental liabilities have been accrued to reflect our best estimate of future costs. Potential insurance reimbursements are not anticipated in the Company’s accruals for environmental liabilities. As of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, environmental liability accruals related to these locations were $5.8 million and $5.9 million, respectively.

Prior to the commencement of our operations as an independent publicly traded company in 2018, groundwater contamination was discovered at the Norris Sucker Rods plant site located in Tulsa, Oklahoma. Initial remedial efforts were undertaken at the time of discovery of the contamination and we have since coordinated monitoring and remediation with the Oklahoma Department of Environmental Quality (“ODEQ”). As part of the ongoing long-term remediation process, we contracted an engineering and consulting firm to develop a range of possible additional remedial alternatives in order to accelerate the remediation process and associated cost estimates for the work. In October 2019, we received the firm’s preliminary remedial alternatives for consideration. We have submitted our long-term remediation plan and it was approved by ODEQ. We are now in discussion with ODEQ to finalize a consent order. Because we have not yet finalized the consent order for further remediation at the site and discussions with ODEQ remain ongoing, we cannot fully anticipate the timing, outcome or possible impact of such further remedial activities, financial or otherwise. As a result of the recommendations in the report, we accrued liabilities for these remediation efforts of approximately $2.0 million as of December 31, 2019. Liabilities could increase in the future at such time as we ultimately reach agreement with ODEQ on our remediation plan and such liabilities become probable and can be reasonably estimated; however, there have been no changes to our estimated liability as of March 31, 2024.



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Matters Related to Deepwater Horizon Incident Response

On April 22, 2010, the deepwater drilling platform, the Deepwater Horizon, operated by a subsidiary of BP plc, sank in the Gulf of Mexico after an explosion and fire, resulting in a massive oil spill. Certain entities that are now subsidiaries of ChampionX as a result of the acquisition of the Chemical Technologies business in 2020 (collectively the “COREXIT Defendants”) supplied COREXIT™ 9500, an oil dispersant product listed on the U.S. EPA National Contingency Plan Product Schedule, which was used in the response to the spill. In connection with the provision of COREXIT™ 9500, the COREXIT Defendants were named in several lawsuits. Cases arising out of the Deepwater Horizon accident were administratively transferred and consolidated for pre-trial purposes under In Re: Oil Spill by the Oil Rig “Deepwater Horizon” in the Gulf of Mexico, on April 20, 2010, Case No. 10-md-02179 in the United States District Court in the Eastern District of Louisiana (E.D. La.) (“MDL 2179”). Claims related to the response to the oil spill were consolidated in a master complaint captioned the “B3 Master Complaint.” In 2011, Transocean Deepwater Drilling, Inc. and its affiliates (the “Transocean Entities”) named the COREXIT Defendants and other unaffiliated companies as first party defendants (In re the Complaint and Petition of Triton Asset Leasing GmbH, et al, MDL No. 2179, Civil Action 10-2771). In April and May 2011, the Transocean Entities, Cameron International Corporation, Halliburton Energy Services, Inc., M-I L.L.C., Weatherford U.S., L.P. and Weatherford International, Inc. (collectively, the “Cross Claimants”) filed cross claims in MDL 2179 against the COREXIT Defendants and other unaffiliated cross defendants. In April and June 2011, in support of its defense of the claims against it, the COREXIT Defendants filed counterclaims against the Cross Claimants. On May 18, 2012, the COREXIT Defendants filed a motion for summary judgment as to the claims in the B3 Master Complaint. On November 28, 2012, the Court granted the COREXIT Defendants’ motion and dismissed with prejudice the claims in the B3 Master Complaint asserted against the COREXIT Defendants. In February 2024, the remaining claims against other defendants in the one pending “B3” case that had asserted claims against the COREXIT Defendants were dismissed and a final judgment was entered. The deadline for that plaintiff to appeal any rulings in that case, including the MDL 2179 Court’s order granting Nalco’s motion for summary judgment, expired on March 11, 2024.

The Company intends to vigorously defend these lawsuits and also believes that it has rights to contribution and/or indemnification (including legal expenses) from third parties. However, we cannot predict the outcome of these lawsuits, the involvement it might have in these matters in the future, or the potential for future litigation.

NOTE 7—RESTRUCTURING EXPENSE

We approved various restructuring plans related to the consolidation of product lines and associated facility closures and workforce reductions during prior periods, which we expect to be completed during 2024. We recognized income of $0.4 million during the three months ended March 31, 2024 to reflect the adjustments for differences in actual costs compared to accruals as we were able to mitigate certain expenses under a previous restructuring plan. We recognized charges of $2.2 million during the three months ended March 31, 2023.

The following table presents the restructuring expense by segment as classified in our condensed consolidated statements of income.
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
(in thousands)20242023
Segment restructuring expense (income):
Production Chemical Technologies$(355)$1,144 
Production & Automation Technologies 785 
Drilling Technologies  
Reservoir Chemical Technologies 396 
Corporate and other (95)
Total$(355)$2,230 
Statements of Income classification:
Cost of goods and services$ $1,531 
Selling, general and administrative expense(355)699 
Total$(355)$2,230 

Our liability balance for restructuring expense at March 31, 2024 reflects contract termination costs, employee severance and related benefits initiated during prior periods.
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The following table details our restructuring accrual activities during the three months ended March 31, 2024:

(in thousands)Restructuring Accrual Balance
December 31, 2023$13,974 
Restructuring charges(355)
Payments(386)
March 31, 2024$13,233 

NOTE 8—STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

Dividends

On January 31, 2024, our Board of Directors (“Board”) approved an increase of our regular quarterly cash dividend to $0.095 per share of the Company’s common stock and declared our next quarterly cash dividend payable on April 26, 2024, to shareholders of record on April 5, 2024. As a result, we recorded a dividend payable of $18.8 million on our condensed consolidated balance sheet as of March 31, 2024. Subsequent dividend declarations, if any, including the amounts and timing of future dividends, are subject to approval by the Board and will depend on future business conditions, financial conditions, results of operations and other
factors.

Repurchases

On March 7, 2022, the Company announced that our Board authorized the Company to repurchase up to $250 million of its common stock which was increased by our Board to $750 million on October 24, 2022. On January 31, 2024, our Board authorized a further increase in the aggregate value of shares that may be repurchased under the share repurchase program to $1.5 billion. This program has no time limit and does not obligate the Company to acquire any particular amount of shares of its common stock. During the three months ended March 31, 2024, we repurchased and cancelled 1,611,055 shares of common stock for a total of $49.4 million, including commissions and excise tax. During the three months ended March 31, 2023, we repurchased and cancelled 1,302,499 shares of common stock for a total of $40.4 million, including commissions and excise tax.

NOTE 9—EARNINGS PER SHARE

A reconciliation of the number of shares used for the basic and diluted earnings per share calculation was as follows:
Three Months Ended March 31,
(in thousands, except per share data)20242023
Net income attributable to ChampionX$112,923 $63,532 
Weighted-average number of shares outstanding190,803 198,286 
Dilutive effect of stock-based compensation3,161 4,154 
Total shares and dilutive securities193,964 202,440 
Earnings per share attributable to ChampionX:
Basic$0.59 $0.32 
Diluted$0.58 $0.31 

For all periods presented, the computation of diluted earnings per share excludes awards with an anti-dilutive impact. For the three months ended March 31, 2024 and March 31, 2023, the diluted shares include the dilutive impact of equity awards except for approximately 0.5 million and 0.6 million shares, respectively, that were excluded because their inclusion would be anti-dilutive.



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NOTE 10—ACQUISITIONS, DIVESTITURES AND SALE LEASEBACK

Acquisitions

OTS Consulting Services LLP (OTS)

On January 5, 2024 we completed an agreement with OTS Consulting Services LLP (“OTS”), a privately held engineering services company based in Pune, India, to acquire the assets and liabilities relating solely to the services performed by OTS for us prior to the acquisition. OTS specializes in digital transformation and advanced IT solutions. The acquired assets and liabilities are included in our Production & Automation Technologies segment. Under the terms of the agreement, we paid an initial amount of $8.4 million. As part of our purchase price allocation, we recorded goodwill of $6.4 million. The pro forma effect of this acquisition on revenue and net income has been determined to be immaterial to our financial statements.

Artificial Lift Performance Limited (ALP)

On February 26, 2024, we acquired Artificial Lift Performance Limited (“ALP”), a provider of advanced analytics solutions for enhancing oil and gas production performance based in Edinburgh, Scotland. These assets and liabilities have been included in our Production & Automation Technologies segment. Under the terms of the agreements, we paid an initial amount of $13.1 million, with an additional $1.7 million payable on the first anniversary of the closing date, and a maximum earn out potential of $3.0 million over the next two years. As part of our purchase price allocation, we recorded definite-lived intangible assets of $10.4 million which consists of assumed software, trademarks and customer relationships. In addition we recorded $6.9 million of goodwill. The pro forma effect of this acquisition on revenue and net income has been determined to be immaterial to our financial statements.

RMSpumptools Limited (RMS)

On March 21, 2024, we entered into an agreement to acquire RMSpumptools Limited, a UK-based company that designs and manufactures highly engineered mechanical and electrical solutions for complex artificial lift applications. Under the terms of the agreement, the net purchase price is approximately $110 million at the current exchange rate inclusive of net working capital adjustments. The closing of the transaction is conditioned on, among other things, the receipt of certain customary regulatory approvals and the seller’s shareholders’ approval, and is expected to occur towards the end of second quarter or beginning of the third quarter of 2024.

Divestitures

Russia

Due to the deteriorating business conditions in Russia following the Ukraine invasion and the resultant sanctions imposed by the United States, European Union, and United Kingdom, we initiated a plan to dispose of our operations in Russia (the “CT Russia Business”), which is included in our Production Chemical Technologies segment. As a result, the CT Russia Business met the criteria to be classified as held for sale during the second quarter of 2022 and we measured the carrying value of the disposal group to the lower of its carrying value or fair value less costs to sell.

We assess the fair value of the CT Russia Business (less any costs to sell) each reporting period that it remains classified as held for sale and report any subsequent changes as an adjustment to the carrying value of the asset or disposal group, as long as the new carrying value does not exceed the carrying value of the asset at the time it was initially classified as held for sale. During the first quarter of 2023, we assessed the fair value less cost to sell the business to be zero, resulting in a $13.0 million pre-tax impairment expense recorded during the three months ended March 31, 2023, which is reflected in loss (gain) on disposal group and sale-leaseback transaction within our condensed consolidated statements of income. There were no charges in the three month period ended March 31, 2024.

Sale Leaseback

Orem, Utah

On March 29, 2024, we entered into a sale-leaseback agreement with an unrelated party involving three buildings in Orem, Utah. Under the arrangement, the property (land and buildings) with a net book value of $14.1 million was sold for $45.5 million and leased back under a twenty year lease agreement. We received cash of $44.3 million, net of closing costs and other fees related to the sale of the property. The lease provides for annual base payments of $3.3 million and expires in March 2044 with an option to extend the term of the lease for one additional seven-year period. The transaction qualifies as a sale
15


leaseback, and as a result, we recorded a $29.9 million net gain on sale. Additionally, we established a $37.7 million right of use asset and $37.7 million operating lease liability.

NOTE 11—FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS

Fair value is defined as the amount that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants as of the measurement date. A hierarchy has been established for inputs used in measuring fair value that maximizes the use of observable inputs and minimizes the use of unobservable inputs by requiring the most observable inputs be used when available. The hierarchy is broken down into three levels:
Level 1- Inputs are quoted prices in active markets that are accessible at the measurement date for identical assets or liabilities.
Level 2- Inputs include observable inputs other than quoted prices in active markets.
Level 3- Inputs are unobservable inputs for which there is little or no market data available.
The carrying amount and the estimated fair value for assets and liabilities measured on a recurring basis are as follows:
Carrying Amount
(in thousands)Measurement LevelMarch 31, 2024December 31, 2023
Assets
Foreign currency forward contractsLevel 2$2,320 $6,231 
Interest rate swapsLevel 28,094 5,599 
Total $10,414 $11,830 
Liabilities
Foreign currency forward contractsLevel 2$1,639 $5,354 
Interest rate swapsLevel 2  
Total$1,639 $5,354 

The carrying value of foreign currency forward contracts is at fair value, which is determined based on foreign currency exchange rates as of the balance sheet date and is classified within Level 2. The primary inputs into the valuation of interest rate swaps are interest yield curves, interest rate volatility, and credit spreads. Our interest rate swaps are classified within Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy, as these significant inputs are corroborated by observable market data. For purposes of fair value disclosure above, derivative values are presented gross. See Note 12—Derivatives and Hedging Transactions for further discussion of gross versus net presentation of the Company’s derivatives.

The carrying amounts of cash and cash equivalents, trade receivables, and accounts payable approximate their fair value due to their short-term nature.

The fair value of our term loan facility is based on Level 2 quoted market prices for the same or similar debt instruments. The fair value of the revolving line of credit approximates carrying value due to the variable interest rates charged on the borrowings, which reprice frequently (Level 2). The carrying amount and the estimated fair value of long-term debt, including current maturities, held by the Company were:
March 31, 2024December 31, 2023
(in thousands)Carrying AmountFair ValueCarrying AmountFair Value
2022 Revolving Credit Facility$ $ $ $ 
2022 Term Loan Facility$617,211 $621,069 $618,762 $623,402 

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NOTE 12—DERIVATIVES AND HEDGING TRANSACTIONS

The Company uses foreign currency forward contracts to manage risks associated with foreign currency exchange rates. The Company also utilizes floating-to-fixed interest rate swap agreements as cash flow hedges on certain debt to mitigate interest rate risk. The Company does not hold derivative financial instruments of a speculative nature or for trading purposes. Derivative contracts are recorded as assets and liabilities on the balance sheet at fair value. We evaluated the interest rate swap hedge effectiveness and determined it to be perfectly effective. We evaluate foreign currency forward contracts’ hedge effectiveness at contract inception and thereafter on a quarterly basis. If a derivative is no longer expected to be effective, hedge accounting is discontinued. Changes in fair value are recognized immediately in earnings unless the derivative qualifies and is designated as a hedge. Changes in fair value attributable to changes in spot exchange rates for derivative contracts that have been designated as cash flow hedges are recognized in accumulated other comprehensive income (“AOCI”) and reclassified into earnings in the same period the hedged transaction affects earnings and are presented in the same income statement line as the earnings effect of the hedged item. The Company accounts for the interest rate swap agreements as a cash flow hedge, thus the effective portion of gains and losses resulting from changes in fair value are recognized in AOCI and are amortized to interest expense over the term of the respective debt. Cash flows from derivatives are classified in the statement of cash flows in the same category as the cash flows from the items subject to designated hedge or undesignated (economic) hedge relationships.

The Company is exposed to credit risk in the event of nonperformance of counterparties for foreign currency forward exchange contracts and interest rate swaps. We monitor our exposure to credit risk by using major banks and financial institutions as counterparties and monitoring their financial condition and credit profile. The Company does not anticipate nonperformance by any of these counterparties, and therefore, recording a valuation allowance against the Company’s derivative balance is not considered necessary.

Derivative Positions Summary

Certain of the Company’s derivative transactions are subject to master netting arrangements that allow the Company to settle with the same counterparties. These arrangements generally do not call for collateral and as of the applicable dates presented in the following table, no cash collateral had been received or pledged related to the underlying derivatives. We have elected to present our derivative balances on a gross basis on the condensed consolidated balance sheet.

The following table summarizes the gross fair value of the Company’s outstanding derivatives and the lines in which they are presented on the condensed consolidated balance sheet.
Derivative AssetsDerivative Liabilities
(in thousands)March 31, 2024December 31, 2023March 31, 2024December 31, 2023
Prepaid expenses and other current assets$7,848 $11,004 $— $— 
Other non-current assets2,566 826 — — 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities— — 1,639 5,354 
$10,414 $11,830 $1,639 $5,354 

The following table summarizes the notional values of the Company’s outstanding derivatives:
(in thousands)March 31, 2024December 31, 2023
Notional value of foreign currency forward contracts and interest rate swaps$907,471 $892,711 

Cash Flow Hedges

The Company utilizes foreign currency forward contracts to hedge the effect of foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations on forecasted foreign currency transactions, primarily related to inventory purchases. These forward contracts are designated as cash flow hedges. The changes in fair value of these contracts attributable to changes in spot exchange rates are recorded in AOCI until the hedged items affect earnings, at which time the gain or loss is reclassified into the same line item in the condensed consolidated statements of income as the underlying exposure being hedged. The forward points are marked-to-market monthly and recognized in the same line item in the condensed consolidated statements of income as the underlying exposure being hedged.

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Under interest rate swaps, we agree with other parties to exchange, at specified intervals, the difference between fixed-rate and floating-rate interest amounts calculated by reference to an agreed notional principal amount. Any unrealized gain or loss at the time of settlement will be reclassified to interest expense, where we record the interest expense on the associated debt.

Derivatives Not Designated as Hedging Instruments

The Company also uses foreign currency forward contracts to offset its exposure to the change in value of certain foreign currency denominated assets and liabilities, primarily receivables and payables, which are remeasured at the end of each period. Although the contracts are effective economic hedges, they are not designated as accounting hedges. Therefore, changes in the value of these derivatives are recognized immediately in earnings, thereby offsetting the current earnings effect of the related foreign currency denominated assets and liabilities.

Effect of Derivative Instruments on Income

The loss of all derivative instruments recognized is summarized below:
Three Months Ended
March 31,
(in thousands)20242023
Loss (gain) reclassified from AOCI to income on cash flow hedges:
Cost of goods and services$(438)$(957)
Interest expense(1,714)(937)
Loss on derivatives not designated as hedging instruments:
Other (income) expense, net953 1,441 
Total loss (gain) of derivative instruments$(1,199)$(453)

NOTE 13—INVENTORIES

Inventories consisted of the following:
(in thousands)March 31, 2024December 31, 2023
Raw materials$134,261 $137,402 
Work in progress18,835 16,915 
Finished goods473,981 445,437 
627,077 599,754 
Inventory reserve(30,169)(29,081)
LIFO adjustments (1)
(53,684)(49,124)
Inventories, net$543,224 $521,549 
_______________________
(1) Represents the amount by which the current cost of LIFO inventories exceeded their carrying value.

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NOTE 14—ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE FACILITIES

On June 28, 2022, we entered into an uncommitted accounts receivable purchase agreement (the “JPM Accounts Receivable Facility”) with JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. as the purchaser. The amount available for sale under the JPM Accounts Receivable Facility fluctuates over time based on the total amount of eligible receivables generated during the normal course of business. A maximum of $160.0 million in receivables may be sold and remain unpaid under the JPM Accounts Receivable Facility at any time.

Accounts receivable sold under the JPM Accounts Receivable were $174.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024. The accounts receivables sold that remained outstanding under the JPM Accounts Receivable Facility as of March 31, 2024 was $112.9 million. During this period, cash receipts from the purchaser at the time of the sale were classified as operating activities in our condensed consolidated statement of cash flows. The difference between the carrying amount of the accounts receivables sold and the sum of the cash received is recorded as a loss on sale of receivables in other income (expense), net in our condensed consolidated statements of income. The loss on sale of accounts receivable was $1.9 million and $1.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively.

On March 28, 2024, we entered into an uncommitted accounts receivable purchase agreement (the “HSBC Accounts Receivable Facility” and, together with the JPM Accounts Receivable Facility, the “Accounts Receivable Facilities”) with HSBC Bank USA, National Association, as the purchaser. The amount available for sale under the HSBC Accounts Receivable Facility fluctuates over time based on the total amount of eligible receivables generated during the normal course of business. A maximum of CAD $40.0 million or approximately $30.0 million in receivables may be sold and remain unpaid under the HSBC Accounts Receivable Facility at any time. As of March 31, 2024 no accounts receivable related to the HSBC agreement have been sold.

Transfers under the Accounts Receivable Facilities are accounted for as sales of receivables, resulting in the receivables being derecognized from our condensed consolidated balance sheet. The purchaser assumes the credit risk at the time of sale and has the right at any time to assign or transfer (including as a participation interest) any of its rights under the purchased receivables to another bank or financial institution.

NOTE 15—SUPPLY CHAIN FINANCE

We use a supply chain finance program in connection with the purchase of goods, which allows our suppliers to work directly with a third party to provide financing by purchasing their receivables earlier in the payment cycle. We maintain the same contractually agreed upon invoice terms prior to each supplier entering into the program. As of March 31, 2024, we had approximately $37.9 million outstanding under the program, which is included in accounts payable on our condensed consolidated balance sheet.

NOTE 16—CASH FLOW INFORMATION

Leased Asset Program

Our electrical submersible pumping leased asset program is reported in our Production & Automation Technologies segment. At the time of purchase, assets are recorded to inventory and are transferred to property, plant, and equipment when a customer contracts for an asset under our leased asset program. During the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, we transferred $29.5 million and $28.4 million, respectively, of inventory into property, plant, and equipment as a result of assets entering our leased asset program.

Expenditures for assets that are placed into our leased asset program expected to be recovered through sale are reported in leased assets in the operating section of our condensed consolidated statements of cash flows. All other capitalizable expenditures for assets that are placed into our leased asset program are classified as capital expenditures in the investing section of our condensed consolidated statements of cash flows.

Argentina Blue Chip Swap

The Central Bank of Argentina maintains currency controls that limit our ability to access U.S. dollars in Argentina and remit cash from our Argentine operations. The execution of certain trades known as Blue Chip Swaps, effectively results in the use of a parallel U.S. dollar exchange rate to convert available Argentine pesos to U.S. dollars. This parallel rate, which cannot be used as the basis to remeasure our net monetary assets in U.S. dollars under GAAP, was 31% higher than Argentina's official exchange rate at the transaction date. During the three months ended March 31, 2024, we entered into a Blue Chip Swap
19




transaction, which resulted in a $4.1 million pre-tax loss on investment, reflected in other expense (income), net, within our condensed consolidated statements of income.

NOTE 17—SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

On April 2, 2024, ChampionX entered into the Merger Agreement with SLB, Holdco, and Merger Sub, pursuant to which, and subject to the terms and conditions therein, Merger Sub will be merged with and into ChampionX, with ChampionX surviving the Merger as an indirect wholly owned subsidiary of SLB.

Pursuant to the Merger Agreement, at the effective time of the Merger and by virtue of the Merger, each share of ChampionX common stock issued and outstanding immediately prior to the Effective Time (other than any shares of ChampionX common stock held in the treasury of ChampionX or held by SLB, Holdco or any direct or indirect wholly owned subsidiary of SLB, in each case except for any such shares held on behalf of third parties) will be converted, without any action on the part of the holder thereof, into the right to receive 0.735 shares of common stock of SLB, which shares will be duly authorized and validly issued in accordance with applicable laws and, if applicable, cash in lieu of fractional shares.

The Merger Agreement contains certain termination rights for each of ChampionX and SLB. Upon termination of the Merger Agreement under specified circumstances, including the termination by SLB prior to receipt of approval by ChampionX stockholders if the Board fails to recommend the adoption of the Merger Agreement, changes its recommendation, approves an alternative proposal, fails to include its recommendation in the Form S-4 or takes certain other actions as set forth in the Merger Agreement, subject in each case to certain exceptions, or the consummation of a competing acquisition proposal within 12 months of the termination of the Merger Agreement for certain specified reasons, ChampionX would be required to pay SLB a termination fee of $265.4 million.

Upon termination of the Merger Agreement under specified circumstances, including the termination by either party if certain Mutual Legal Restraints exist, specified regulatory approvals have not been obtained or if the consummation of the Merger does not occur on or prior to April 2, 2025 (subject to an automatic extension to October 2, 2025 under specified circumstances) and, subject to certain exceptions, parties will have satisfied conditions to the Merger or by SLB under specified circumstances, SLB would be required to pay ChampionX a termination fee of $326.6 million.



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ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

This section provides our analysis of our financial performance, financial condition and significant trends that may affect our future performance. It should be read in conjunction with the condensed consolidated financial statements, and notes thereto, included elsewhere in this report. It contains forward-looking statements including, without limitation, statements relating to ChampionX’s plans, strategies, objectives, expectations and intentions that are made pursuant to the “safe harbor” provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements are often identified by the words “believe,” “anticipate,” “expect,” “may,” “intend,” “foresee,” “guidance,” “estimate,” “potential,” “outlook,” “plan,” “should,” “would,” “could,” “target,” “forecast” and similar expressions, including the negative thereof. We undertake no obligation to publicly update, revise or correct any of our forward-looking statements after the date they are made, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except to the extent required under the federal securities laws. Readers are cautioned that such forward-looking statements should be read in conjunction with the disclosures under the heading “CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS.”

EXECUTIVE OVERVIEW AND BUSINESS OUTLOOK

We are a global leader in chemistry solutions, artificial lift systems, and highly engineered equipment and technologies that help companies drill for and produce oil and gas safely, efficiently, and sustainably around the world. Our expertise, innovative products, and digital technologies provide enhanced oil and gas production, transportation, and real-time emissions monitoring throughout the lifecycle of a well. Our business is organized into four reportable segments: Production Chemical Technologies, Production & Automation Technologies, Drilling Technologies, and Reservoir Chemical Technologies. We refer to the Production Chemical Technologies segment and Reservoir Chemical Technologies segment together as the Chemical Technologies business.

Business Environment

We monitor macro-economic conditions and industry-specific drivers and key risk factors affecting our business segments as we formulate our strategic plans and make decisions related to allocating capital and human resources. Our business segments provide a broad range of technologies and products to support oil and gas production, exploration and development, and the midstream sector. As a result, we are substantially dependent upon global oil production levels, as well as new investment activity levels in the oil and gas and midstream sectors. Demand for our products, technologies and services is impacted by overall global demand for oil and gas, ongoing depletion rates of existing oil and gas wells, and our customers’ willingness to invest in the exploration for and development of new oil and gas resources. Our customers determine their operating and capital budgets based on current and expected future crude oil and natural gas prices, U.S. and worldwide rig count, U.S. well completions and expected industry cost levels, among other factors. Crude oil and natural gas prices are impacted by supply and demand, which are influenced by geopolitical, macroeconomic, and local events, and have historically been subject to substantial volatility and cyclicality. Rig count, footage drilled, and exploration and production investment by oil and gas operators have often been used as leading indicators for the level of drilling and development activity and future production levels in the oil and gas sector.

Market Conditions and Outlook

In recent years, oil prices have remained volatile due to various factors such as oil supply constraints, geopolitical instability, extended periods of inflation, and concerns of a global recession. During the third quarter of 2023, following four consecutive quarterly declines, oil prices began to increase due to short-term supply concerns. However, rig counts in the U.S. continued to decline from previous levels. During the first quarter of 2024, oil prices continued to increase as a result of heightened geopolitical risk related to the attacks targeting commercial ships transiting the Red Sea shipping channel and elevated tensions in the Middle East region. In addition, the recent extension of OPEC+ voluntary production cuts add to upward price pressure. According to the U.S. Energy Information Administration, global demand is expected to continue to increase, albeit moderately, through the remainder of the year. Limits on the pace of supply growth, coupled with the demand outlook support near term oil prices. The U.S. rig count, however, remained flat in the first quarter of 2024, and most U.S. public operators appear to be keeping activity and capital expenditure levels relatively flat in the short term.

Inflation rates have begun to moderate. Nonetheless, we continue to actively monitor market trends specifically related to the sourcing of raw materials. We also continue to work diligently to ensure selling prices offset the impact of raw material, labor, and logistics-related inflation on our businesses. Our productivity and continuous improvement initiatives are focused on delivering expanding profit margins in all our businesses.
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Merger Agreement

On April 2, 2024, ChampionX entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger (the “Merger Agreement”) with Schlumberger Limited, a Curaçao corporation (“SLB”), Sodium Holdco, Inc., a Delaware corporation and indirect wholly owned subsidiary of SLB, (“Holdco”), and Sodium Merger Sub, Inc., a Delaware corporation and a wholly owned subsidiary of SLB and Holdco (“Merger Sub”), pursuant to which, and subject to the terms and conditions therein, Merger Sub will be merged with and into ChampionX (the “Merger,” together with the other transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement, the “Transactions”), with ChampionX surviving the Merger as an indirect wholly owned subsidiary of SLB.

Pursuant to the Merger Agreement, at the effective time of the Merger (the “Effective Time”) and by virtue of the Merger, each share of ChampionX common stock issued and outstanding immediately prior to the Effective Time (other than any shares of ChampionX common stock held in the treasury of ChampionX or held by SLB, Holdco or any direct or indirect wholly owned subsidiary of SLB, in each case except for any such shares held on behalf of third parties) will be converted, without any action on the part of the holder thereof, into the right to receive 0.735 shares of common stock, par value $0.01 per share, of SLB (“SLB Common Stock”), which shares will be duly authorized and validly issued in accordance with applicable laws (the “Equity Consideration”) and, if applicable, cash in lieu of fractional shares.

The parties’ obligations to consummate the Merger are subject to satisfaction or waiver of customary closing conditions set forth in the Merger Agreement, including, among others: (a) adoption by ChampionX stockholders of the Merger Agreement; (b) the receipt of approval for listing of shares of the SLB Common Stock as Equity Consideration on the New York Stock Exchange, subject to official notice of issuance; (c) the absence of certain legal restraints that enjoin, prohibit, prevent or make illegal the consummation of the Transactions (“Mutual Legal Restraint”); (d) the expiration or termination of all waiting periods applicable to the Transactions under the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976, as amended, and any commitment to, or agreement with, any governmental entity to delay the consummation of, or not to consummate before a certain date, the Transactions and the receipt of all clearances, consents and approvals under certain specified regulatory laws; (e) the effectiveness of the registration statement on Form S-4 to be filed with SLB in connection with the issuance of the Equity Consideration, which will include a proxy statement of ChampionX (the “Form S-4”); (f) with respect to SLB, (i) the absence of certain specified legal restraints that enjoin, prohibit, prevent or make illegal the consummation of the Transactions, (ii) the absence of investigations of the Transaction under specified regulatory laws, (iii) the expiration of all waiting periods applicable under specified regulatory filings following SLB’s determination to submit such filings (“Specified Regulatory Filings”), (iv) receipt of all clearances, consents and approvals under the Specified Regulatory Filings and (v) the absence of certain other regulatory laws prohibiting or making illegal the consummation of the Transactions or otherwise as set forth in the Merger Agreement and (g) certain other customary conditions relating to the parties’ representations and warranties in the Merger Agreement and the performance of their respective obligations.

Additional information about the Merger is set forth in our Current Report on Form 8-K/A filed with the SEC on April 3, 2024.

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING ESTIMATES

Refer to our “Critical Accounting Estimates” included in Part II, Item 7 of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023 for a discussion of our critical accounting estimates.

















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CONSOLIDATED RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Three Months Ended
 March 31,December 31, Variance
(in thousands)20242023$
Revenue$922,141 $943,555 $(21,414)
Cost of goods and services622,937 661,337 (38,400)
Gross profit299,204 282,218 16,986 
Selling, general and administrative expense172,414 147,415 24,999 
Loss (gain) on disposal group and sale-leaseback transaction(29,883)— (29,883)
Interest expense, net13,935 13,808 127 
Foreign currency transaction losses, net55 14,651 (14,596)
Other expense (income), net2,927 (7,584)10,511 
Income before income taxes139,756 113,928 25,828 
Provision for income taxes26,596 35,771 (9,175)
Net income113,160 78,157 35,003 
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest237 959 (722)
Net income attributable to ChampionX$112,923 $77,198 $35,725 

Revenue. Revenue decreased $21.4 million, or 2%, sequentially, primarily due to the decrease in our Production Chemical Technologies segment.

Gross profit. Gross profit increased $17.0 million, or 6%, sequentially mainly due to improvements in our cost of goods sold and continued productivity gains.

Selling, general and administrative expense. Selling, general and administrative expense increased $25.0 million, or 17%, sequentially, primarily due to an increase in labor costs, general inflation and incremental project costs in the first quarter of 2024. The prior quarter reflected the settlement of an item pursuant to the tax matters agreement with Ecolab, Inc. (“Ecolab”).

Loss (gain) on disposal group and sale-leaseback transaction. During the three months ended March 31, 2024, we entered into a sale-leaseback transaction. We received cash of $44.3 million, net of closing costs and other fees related to the sale of the property. The lease provides for annual base payments of $3.3 million and expires in March 2044 with an option to extend the term of the lease for one additional seven-year period. The transaction qualifies as a sale leaseback, and as a result, we recorded a $29.9 million net gain on sale.

Foreign currency transaction losses, net. Foreign currency transaction losses, net decreased $14.6 million, sequentially, primarily due to the impact of foreign currency exchange transactions in Argentina. During the prior quarter, we recognized a $13.5 million loss due to the significant devaluation of the Argentine peso.

Other expense (income), net. Other expense, net was $2.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024, compared to other income, net of $7.6 million in the prior quarter. This change was partially due to fair value adjustments to contingent consideration on a prior acquisition. Additionally, during the three months ended March 31, 2024, we incurred a $4.1 million loss on the Argentina Blue Chip Swap transaction.

Provision for income taxes. Our provision for income taxes reflected effective tax rates (“ETR”) of 19.0% and 31.4% for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, respectively. The decrease to the ETR for the quarter ending March 31, 2024 was primarily driven by a discrete tax benefit of $6.3 million recorded as a result of stock compensation activity during the quarter.

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SEGMENT RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Three Months Ended
 March 31,December 31, Variance
(in thousands)20242023$
Segment revenue:
Production Chemical Technologies$590,108 $634,137 $(44,029)
Production & Automation Technologies252,614 241,294 11,320 
Drilling Technologies55,206 46,821 8,385 
Reservoir Chemical Technologies24,705 21,402 3,303 
Corporate and other(492)(99)(393)
Total revenue$922,141 $943,555 $(21,414)
Segment operating profit (loss):
Production Chemical Technologies$87,832 $102,179 $(14,347)
Production & Automation Technologies28,470 22,110 6,360 
Drilling Technologies44,402 8,679 35,723 
Reservoir Chemical Technologies3,746 3,907 (161)
Total segment operating profit164,450 136,875 27,575 
Corporate expense and other(1)
10,759 9,139 1,620 
Interest expense, net13,935 13,808 127 
Income before income taxes$139,756 $113,928 $25,828 

Production Chemical Technologies
Revenue. Production Chemical Technologies revenue, including sales to Ecolab, that were previously included in Corporate and other decreased $44.0 million, or 7%, sequentially, mainly due to seasonal declines internationally.

Operating profit. Production Chemical Technologies operating profit decreased $14.3 million, or 14%, in the first quarter of 2024 compared to the prior quarter due to seasonal declines in revenue internationally, as mentioned above, and unfavorable product mix.

Production & Automation Technologies

Revenue. Production & Automation Technologies revenue increased $11.3 million, or 5%, in the first quarter of 2024 compared to the prior quarter primarily due to higher volumes in North America.

Operating profit. Production & Automation Technologies operating profit increased by $6.4 million, or 29%, in the first quarter of 2024 compared to the prior quarter due to higher volumes, favorable changes in product mix and productivity improvements.

Drilling Technologies

Revenue. Drilling Technologies revenue increased $8.4 million, or 18%, in the first quarter of 2024 compared to the prior quarter primarily due to increased customer activity.

Operating profit. Drilling Technologies operating profit increased $35.7 million, in the first quarter of 2024 compared to the prior quarter due to the $29.9 million gain on the sale leaseback of the U.S. Synthetic buildings and land, and improved processing costs.

Reservoir Chemical Technologies

Revenue. Reservoir Chemical Technologies revenue increased $3.3 million, or 15%, in the first quarter of 2024 compared to the prior quarter primarily due to higher volumes in the U.S.

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Operating profit. Reservoir Chemical Technologies operating profit remained essentially flat due to one-time supply chain favorability during the fourth quarter of 2023.

CAPITAL RESOURCES AND LIQUIDITY

Overview

Our primary source of cash is from operating activities. We have historically generated, and expect to continue to generate, positive cash flow from operations. Cash generated from operations is generally allocated to working capital requirements, investments to support profitable revenue growth and maintain our facilities and systems, acquisitions that create value through add-on capabilities that broaden our existing businesses and support our growth strategy, as well as share repurchases, dividend payments to stockholders, and debt repayments to reduce our leverage.

At March 31, 2024, we had cash and cash equivalents of $386.0 million compared to $288.6 million at December 31, 2023, primarily for working capital and operational purposes. At March 31, 2024, we had total liquidity of $1.1 billion, comprised of $386.0 million of cash and cash equivalents and $669.5 million of available capacity under the 2022 Revolving Credit Facility (as defined below).

The Company maintains a restated credit agreement (the “Restated Credit Agreement”) that provides for (i) a $625.0 million seven-year senior secured term loan B facility (the “2022 Term Loan Facility”) and (ii) a five-year senior secured revolving credit facility in an aggregate principal amount of $700.0 million, of which $100.0 million is available for the issuance of letters of credit (the “2022 Revolving Credit Facility” together with the 2022 Term Loan Facility, the “Senior Secured Credit Facility”). On September 29, 2023, we amended the Restated Credit Agreement to, among other things, reprice the Company’s $620.3 million of existing term loans under the 2022 Term Loan Facility, in connection with which new term loans in the same amount were issued. The new term loans bear interest at a per annum rate of (i) an adjusted SOFR Rate plus 2.75% per annum or (ii) a base rate plus 1.75%. The new term loans may be prepaid at any time without penalty, subject to the payment of customary breakage costs in the case of the SOFR rate loans. All other material terms of the Senior Secured Credit Facility remain unchanged.

At March 31, 2024, we had a long-term debt balance of $593.6 million, net of the current portion of long-term debt of $6.2 million, consisting of the 2022 Term Loan Facility with a principal amount of $617.2 million.

Outlook

We expect to generate cash from operations to support business requirements and, if necessary, through the use of the 2022
Revolving Credit Facility. Volatility in credit, equity and commodity markets can create uncertainty for our businesses.
However, the Company believes, based on our current financial condition and current expectations of future market conditions,
that we will meet our short- and long-term needs with a combination of cash on hand, cash generated from operations, the 2022
Revolving Credit Facility and access to capital markets.

On January 31, 2024, our Board of Directors (“Board”) approved an increase of our regular quarterly cash dividend to $0.095 per share of the Company’s common stock. Our first quarter cash dividend of $0.095 per share was declared on January 31, 2024 and is payable on April 26, 2024 to shareholders of record on April 5, 2024. Subsequent dividend declarations, if any, including the amounts and timing of future dividends, are subject to approval by our Board and will depend on future business conditions, financial conditions, results of operations and other factors.

On March 7, 2022, the Company announced that our Board approved a $250 million share repurchase program (“Share
Repurchase Program”) which was increased to $750 million by the Board on October 24, 2022. On January 31, 2024, our Board authorized a further increase in the aggregate value of shares that may be repurchased under the share repurchase program to $1.5 billion. Under the Share Repurchase Program, shares of the Company’s common stock may be repurchased periodically, including in the open market or privately negotiated transactions. We expect to fund share repurchases from cash generated from operations. During the three months ended March 31, 2024, we repurchased and cancelled 1,611,055 shares of common stock for a total of $49.4 million, including commissions and excise tax. The actual timing, manner, number, and value of shares repurchased under the program will depend on a number of factors, including the availability of excess free cash, the market price of the Company’s common stock, general market and economic conditions, applicable requirements, and other business considerations.

Over the next year, we expect to fund our capital expenditures and reduce outstanding debt through earnings and working capital improvements. In 2024, we project capital spending to be approximately 3.5% of revenue inclusive of capital investments for our electric submersible pump leased assets.
25



Information related to guarantees is incorporated herein by reference from Note 6—Commitments and Contingencies to our condensed consolidated financial statements included in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

Cash Flows
 Three Months Ended March 31,
(in thousands)20242023
Cash from operating activities$173,508 $92,378 
Cash used in investing activities(10,794)(23,025)
Cash used in financing activities(64,093)(71,107)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash(1,161)(437)
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash$97,460 $(2,191)

Operating Activities

Cash provided by operating activities during the three months ended March 31, 2024 was $173.5 million as compared to $92.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2023. The change was primarily driven by the increase in net income of $50.0 million, partially offset by the use of cash for working capital items. Changes in working capital items generated cash of $26.6 million during the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to cash used of $49.2 million during three months ended March 31, 2023. The change in working capital items primarily related to decreases in inventory purchases as compared to the prior year period.

Expenditures for assets that are placed into our leased asset program expected to be recovered through sale are reported in leased assets in the operating section of our condensed consolidated statements of cash flows. All other capitalizable expenditures for assets that are placed into our leased asset program are classified as capital expenditures in the investing section of our condensed consolidated statements of cash flows.

Investing Activities

Cash used in investing activities was $10.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024, and was primarily comprised of capital expenditures of $31.9 million and acquisitions net of cash acquired of $21.5 million, partially offset by $46.7 million of cash proceeds from the sale of fixed assets.

Cash used in investing activities was $23.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2023, and was primarily comprised of capital expenditures of $26.5 million, partially offset by $3.5 million of cash proceeds from the sale of fixed assets.

Financing Activities

Cash used in financing activities of $64.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024 was primarily the result of repurchases of our common stock of $49.4 million, dividends paid of $16.2 million, net repayments totaling $1.6 million on long-term debt and payments related to taxes withheld on stock-based compensation of $11.8 million. This was partially offset by $17.1 million of proceeds expected to be remitted under the Accounts Receivable Facility (as defined below).

Cash used in financing activities of $71.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2023 was primarily the result of repurchases of our common stock of $40.4 million, net repayments totaling $26.6 million on long-term debt, dividends paid of $15.0 million and payments related to taxes withheld on stock-based compensation of $5.1 million. This was partially offset by $15.8 million of proceeds expected to be remitted under the Accounts Receivable Facility.

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Revolving Credit Facility

A summary of the 2022 Revolving Credit Facility at March 31, 2024 was as follows:
(in millions)
Description
AmountDebt
Outstanding
Letters
of
Credit
Unused CapacityMaturity
Five-year revolving credit facility$700.0 $— $30.5 $669.5 June 2027

Additionally, we have letters of credit outside of the 2022 Revolving Credit Facility totaling approximately $2.1 million. As of March 31, 2024, we were in compliance with all restrictive covenants under the 2022 Revolving Credit Facility.

Accounts Receivable Facilities

On June 28, 2022, we entered into an uncommitted accounts receivable purchase agreement (the “JPM Accounts Receivable Facility”) with JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. as the purchaser. The amount available for sale under the JPM Accounts Receivable Facility fluctuates over time based on the total amount of eligible receivables generated during the normal course of business. A maximum of $160.0 million in receivables may be sold and remain unpaid under the JPM Accounts Receivable Facility at any time.

Accounts receivable sold under the JPM Accounts Receivable were $174.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024. The accounts receivables sold that remained outstanding under the JPM Accounts Receivable Facility as of March 31, 2024 was $112.9 million. During this period, cash receipts from the purchaser at the time of the sale were classified as operating activities in our condensed consolidated statement of cash flows. The difference between the carrying amount of the accounts receivables sold and the sum of the cash received is recorded as a loss on sale of receivables in other income (expense), net in our condensed consolidated statements of income. The loss on sale of accounts receivable was $1.9 million and $1.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively.

On March 28, 2024, we entered into an uncommitted accounts receivable purchase agreement (the “HSBC Accounts Receivable Facility” and, together with the JPM Accounts Receivable Facility, the “Accounts Receivable Facilities”) with HSBC Bank USA, National Association, as the purchaser. The amount available for sale under the HSBC Accounts Receivable Facility fluctuates over time based on the total amount of eligible receivables generated during the normal course of business. A maximum of CAD $40.0 million or approximately $30.0 million in receivables may be sold and remain unpaid under the HSBC Accounts Receivable Facility at any time. As of March 31, 2024 no accounts receivable related to the HSBC agreement have been sold.

ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

We may be exposed to certain market risks arising from the use of financial instruments in the ordinary course of business. For quantitative and qualitative disclosures about market risk, see Part II, Item 7A, “Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk,” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023. Our exposure to market risk has not materially changed since December 31, 2023.

ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

Our management, with the participation of our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, carried out an evaluation, pursuant to Rule 13a-15(b) of the Exchange Act, of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) of the Exchange Act) as of the end of the period covered by this report. Based upon that evaluation, our principal executive officer and principal financial officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of March 31, 2024.

There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the quarter ended March 31, 2024, that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
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PART II — OTHER INFORMATION

ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

We are involved in various pending or potential legal actions in the ordinary course of our business. Management is unable to predict the ultimate outcome of these actions because of the inherent uncertainty of litigation. However, management believes the most probable, ultimate resolution of these matters will not have a material adverse effect on our condensed consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows. See Note 6—Commitments and Contingencies to our condensed consolidated financial statements included in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

Except as set forth below, there have not been material changes from the risk factors previously disclosed in Part I, Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023.