championx-20240205
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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 8-K

CURRENT REPORT
Pursuant to Section 13 OR 15(d) of The Securities Exchange Act of 1934

February 5, 2024
Date of Report (Date of earliest event reported)

ChampionX Corporation
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Delaware 001-38441 82-3066826
(State or other jurisdiction
of incorporation)
 (Commission File Number) (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
2445 Technology Forest Blvd
Building 4, 12th Floor
The Woodlands, Texas 77381
(Address of principal executive offices and zip code)
(281) 403-5772
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

(Former name or former address, if changed since last report)
Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions:
Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)
Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)
Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))
Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common stock, $0.01 par valueCHXThe Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (§230.405 of this chapter) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (§240.12b-2 of this chapter).
Emerging growth company  
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  



Item 2.02    Results of Operations and Financial Condition.

On February 5, 2024, ChampionX Corporation (the "Company") issued a news release announcing its financial results for the quarter and year ended December 31, 2023. A copy of the news release is furnished as Exhibit 99.1 hereto and incorporated herein by reference.

The information furnished pursuant to this Item 2.02 (including Exhibit 99.1) shall not be deemed to be “filed” for the purposes of Section 18 of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, (“Exchange Act”) or otherwise subject to the liabilities of that section, and shall not be deemed to be incorporated by reference into any filing made by ChampionX Corporation under the Exchange Act or the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, regardless of any general incorporation language in any such filing, except as shall be expressly set forth by specific reference in such filing.

Item 8.01. Other Events.

On February 5, 2024, the Company announced that its Board of Directors (“Board”) approved an increase in the Company’s share repurchase program (the “Share Repurchase Program”) of $750 million with the aggregate value of shares of the Company’s common stock, par value $0.01 per share (the “Common Stock”) that may be purchased under the Share Repurchase Program now $1.5 billion. The increased share repurchase authority is effective immediately. Repurchases under the Share Repurchase Program may be made, from time to time, in amounts and at prices the Company deems appropriate and is subject to a variety of factors, including the availability of excess free cash, the market price of the Company’s Common Stock, general market and economic conditions, applicable requirements, and other business conditions. The Share Repurchase Program may be suspended, modified or discontinued at any time without prior notice.

On February 5, 2024, the Company also announced that the Board had increased the quarterly cash dividend on the Company’s Common Stock to $0.095 per share. The next quarterly dividend of $0.095 per share on the Company’s Common Stock will be paid on April 26, 2024 to shareholders of record on April 5, 2024. Subsequent dividend declarations and the record and payment dates for future dividend payments, if any, are subject to the Board’s continuing determination that the dividend is in the best interest of the Company’s shareholders and complies with applicable legal requirements. The dividend may be suspended or cancelled at the discretion of the Board at any time.

Item 9.01    Financial Statements and Exhibits.

(d) Exhibits
Exhibit
No.
  Description
  




SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.
 
 ChampionX Corporation
Date:February 5, 2024 By:/s/ KENNETH M. FISHER
 Kenneth M. Fisher
 Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer


Document

Exhibit 99.1

https://cdn.kscope.io/76a5be759c3a05917ccd6eebd82eb5fa-championxlogoa01a.jpg


ChampionX Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2023 Results,
Increases Share Repurchase Authorization to $1.5 Billion and Raises Quarterly Dividend by 12%

Fourth-quarter revenue of $943.6 million decreased 4% year-over-year, flat sequentially
Fourth-quarter net income attributable to ChampionX of $77.2 million increased 14% year-over-year, and decreased 1% sequentially
Fourth-quarter adjusted EBITDA of $198.1 million increased 10% year-over-year, flat sequentially
Fourth-quarter cash from operating activities of $169.0 million and free cash flow of $139.8 million

Full-year net income attributable to ChampionX of $314.2 million increased 103% year-over-year
Full-year adjusted EBITDA of $771.2 million increased 25% year-over-year
Full-year cash from operating activities of $540.3 million and free cash flow of $412.5 million

Repurchased $118 million of common stock in Q4’23 and $277 million in full-year 2023
Returned $343 million of cash to our shareholders in 2023, representing 63% of cash flow from operating activities and 83% of free cash flow
Board approved increase in share repurchase program authorization to $1.5 billion
Board approved a 12% increase in regular quarterly dividend to $0.095 per share


THE WOODLANDS, TX, February 5, 2024 -- ChampionX Corporation (NASDAQ: CHX) (“ChampionX” or the “Company”) today announced fourth quarter of 2023 and full year 2023 results. For the fourth quarter of 2023, revenue was $943.6 million, net income attributable to ChampionX was $77.2 million, and adjusted EBITDA was $198.1 million. Income before income taxes margin was 12.1%, and adjusted EBITDA margin was 21.0%. Cash provided by operating activities was $169.0 million, and free cash flow was $139.8 million.

CEO Commentary

“2023 was a year of continued strong earnings momentum for ChampionX as we delivered extremely robust adjusted EBITDA growth with differentiated adjusted EBITDA margin expansion, strong free cash flow generation, and increased capital returns to our shareholders. I want to thank all our worldwide employees for their continued dedication and commitment to serving our customers and communities well,” ChampionX’s President and Chief Executive Officer Sivasankaran “Soma” Somasundaram said.

“During the fourth quarter of 2023, we generated revenue of $944 million, up slightly sequentially and down 4% year-over-year. International revenue increased 6% sequentially, driven by seasonal strength in our Production Chemical Technologies business which grew 8% in international markets during the quarter. In North America, 2% sequential growth in Production Chemical Technologies was offset by typical seasonal declines in our Production & Automation Technologies and Drilling Technologies businesses into the year-end holidays. We generated net income attributable to ChampionX of $77 million, which increased 14% year-over-year and decreased 1% sequentially, and adjusted EBITDA of $198 million, which increased 10% year-over-year, and was flat sequentially. Our income before income taxes margin improved by 39 basis point sequentially, and our adjusted EBITDA margin was 21%, flat sequentially, and representing our highest adjusted EBITDA margin level since the ChampionX merger.

“We once again demonstrated our strong cash flow profile. Cash flow from operating activities was $169 million during the fourth quarter, which represented 219% of net income attributable to ChampionX. We generated free cash flow of $140 million during the fourth quarter, converting 71% of our adjusted EBITDA for the period. We returned $135 million of cash to our shareholders in the fourth quarter, through our regular cash dividend of $17 million and approximately $118 million of ChampionX share repurchases. For the full year 2023, we returned $343 million of cash to our shareholders, representing 63% of cash flow from operating activities and 83% of our free cash flow.

“We remain committed to return at least 60% of free cash flow to shareholders through-the-cycle. Consistent with this commitment, we announced today that our Board of Directors approved an increase to our share repurchase program, which
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authorizes ChampionX to repurchase up to $1.5 billion of its outstanding common stock, which is an increase of $750 million to the program previously increased in the fourth quarter of 2022. In addition, I am pleased to announce that we are increasing our regular cash dividend by 12%, which reflects confidence in our demonstrated strong and consistent free cash flow generation capability. Our balance sheet remains strong and we ended the year with $959 million of liquidity, including $289 million of cash and approximately $670 million of available capacity on our revolving credit facility.

We expect 2024 to be a positive growth year, driven by the constructive market environment, particularly for our international businesses, and expect our revenues, adjusted EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA margin to progressively improve through the year. As we look to the first quarter, we expect typical seasonal declines in our international operations, partially offset by sequential improvement in our North American businesses. On a consolidated basis, in the first quarter, we expect revenue to be between $908 million and $938 million. We expect adjusted EBITDA of $179 million to $189 million. We expect our 2024 cash generation to be strong, converting at least 50% of our adjusted EBITDA to free cash flow, and we remain committed to returning at least 60% of our free cash flow to our shareholders during the year.

We are excited about the positive revenue outlook driven by multi-year healthy fundamentals for our sector. This, combined with our productivity efforts, drives our confidence in delivering continued earnings growth, adjusted EBITDA margin expansion and strong cash generation. Our high-margin, production-focused equipment, technology and chemicals portfolio is built to deliver attractive earnings and robust free cash flow reliably through the cycle. This, in turn, supports value creation for our shareholders through a disciplined capital allocation framework, with clear priorities for capital deployment, including high-return investment and returning cash to shareholders. ChampionX is well positioned for profitable growth by helping our customers maximize the value of their producing assets in sustainable and cost-effective ways leveraging our technology, digital and emissions capabilities and first-class customer service. I am excited about the year ahead given the resiliency of the cycle as well as increasing needs for ChampionX solutions and I remain honored to lead our remarkable team”

Fourth Quarter Highlights

Production Chemical Technologies

Production Chemical Technologies revenue in the fourth quarter of 2023 was $634.1 million, an increase of $29.9 million, or 5%, sequentially, due to seasonally higher volumes in certain international markets and higher volumes in North America.

Segment operating profit was $102.2 million and adjusted segment EBITDA was $139.1 million. Segment operating profit margin was 16.1%, an increase of 46 basis points, sequentially, and adjusted segment EBITDA margin was 21.9%, essentially flat, sequentially, in each case due to volumes and product mix.

Production & Automation Technologies

Production & Automation Technologies revenue in the fourth quarter of 2023 was $241.3 million, a decrease of $14.9 million, or 6%, sequentially, due primarily to seasonality in our North American businesses into the year-end holidays.

Revenue from digital products was $52.7 million in the fourth quarter of 2023, a decrease of $5.4 million, or 9%, compared to $58.0 million in the third quarter of 2023, due primarily to seasonality into the year-end holidays.

Segment operating profit was $22.1 million, and adjusted segment EBITDA was $52.8 million. Segment operating profit margin was 9.2%, a decrease of 188 basis points, sequentially, and adjusted segment EBITDA margin was 21.9%, a decrease of 126 basis points, sequentially, in each case due to lower volumes seasonally and product mix.

Drilling Technologies

Drilling Technologies revenue in the fourth quarter of 2023 was $46.8 million, a decrease of $8.0 million, or 15%, sequentially, due to lower rig count in U.S. land and end of year inventory destocking.

Segment operating profit was $8.7 million, and adjusted segment EBITDA was $10.4 million. Segment operating profit margin was 18.5%, a decrease of 380 basis points, sequentially, and adjusted segment EBITDA margin was 22.1%, a decrease of 300 basis points, sequentially, in each case due to lower volumes.

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Reservoir Chemical Technologies

Reservoir Chemical Technologies revenue in the fourth quarter of 2022 was $21.4 million, a decrease of $3.7 million, or 15%, sequentially, due primarily to lower product volumes into the year-end holidays.

Segment operating profit was $3.9 million, and adjusted segment EBITDA was $5.5 million. Segment operating profit margin was 18.3%, as compared to 9.8% in the prior quarter, and adjusted segment EBITDA margin was 25.7%, an increase of 897 basis points, sequentially, in each case due to favorable product mix.

Share Repurchase Program

ChampionX announces that our Board of Directors approved an increase to our share repurchase program (the “Share Repurchase Program”). Pursuant to such increase, ChampionX is authorized to repurchase up to $1.5 billion of its outstanding common stock, representing an increase of $750 million to the Share Repurchase Program previously increased on October 24, 2022. The increased share repurchase authority is effective immediately. ChampionX repurchased $118 million of its outstanding common stock during the fourth quarter of 2023, with a total of $457 million repurchased under the Share Repurchase Program since its inception, implying a remaining authorization of over $1 billion, incorporating today’s announcement.

Repurchases under the Share Repurchase Program may be made, from time to time, in amounts and at prices ChampionX deems appropriate and will be subject to a variety of factors, including the availability of excess free cash, the market price of the Company’s common stock, general market and economic conditions, applicable requirements, and other business conditions. The Share Repurchase Program may be suspended, modified or discontinued at any time without prior notice.

Dividend

ChampionX also announces that our Board of Directors has declared an increased regular quarterly dividend of $0.095 per share on the Company’s common stock, par value $0.01 per share, to be paid on April 26, 2024 to shareholders of record on April 5, 2024.

Other Business Highlights

Chemical Technologies

Continued to strengthen its market-leading production chemicals position in deepwater through the award of various flow assurance chemistries to treat three new U.S. Gulf of Mexico subsea tiebacks, each connecting back to a different host platform.
Significantly strengthened its market position with an independent Canadian producer looking for consistent technical support across its asset base. The customer’s positive experience with ChampionX, coupled with our disciplined customer account management process, resulted in Chemical Technologies being awarded a sole supply agreement.
Awarded an additional three-year contract extension with a customer in Australia which Chemical Technologies has served for approximately four decades. The contract extension award was as a result of detailed account management and strong customer value delivery.

Production & Automation Technologies

Installed its Pro-Rod breakthrough product, AnXTM corrosion-resistant coiled rod, in multiple wells in Oman operated by a large NOC, demonstrating the effectiveness and reliability of the technology in some of the world’s most extreme and corrosive environments. Pro-Rod is a leader in anti-corrosion technology, and AnXTM is a step-change in sucker rod corrosion control, allowing for meaningful improvements in mean time to failure in rod-driven wells.
Secured the adoption by a large IOC of our UNBRIDLED ESP Systems’ HIGH RISETM Kronos technology as their primary gas-handling pump for high gas-to-oil ESP applications in unconventional wells. Kronos is a specialized rotodynamic ESP gas handling pump that compresses gas slugs more effectively by increasing fluid pressure and priming the fluid stream. By preventing gas from breaking out of solution, the production pump can handle more gas. Kronos handles up to 75% gas volume fraction (GVF) before gas locking, providing 50% greater system gas handling capability, on average. Kronos also provides better pump efficiency at higher GVF, which reduces power consumption.
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Closed the first commercial sale of the new Autonomous Chemical Injection Optimization feature within Theta Production Optimization’s XSPOCTM production optimization software, which allows producers to adjust automatically their chemical injection rates to dynamic parameters being tracked in the software, such as production volumes or temperature. This solution was instrumental in providing a Permian-based operator with intelligent dosing, rather than fixed dosage rates, ensuring that the correct amount of chemicals was delivered proportionately to the well's dynamic productivity. Initial implementation has shown promising results of improving chemical assurance while effectively managing cost efficiency.
Secured commitment from an IOC for a large order of 10,000-psi radial flow lubricators for use in the customer’s South Texas operations, for which the majority have been installed on both new well completions and gas lift conversions. Engineered for maximum operational adaptability and durability, the “drop-in” design helps operators manage production from post-completion flowback through gas lift, to plunger-assisted gas lift (PAGL), and finally to plunger lift without having to modify the wellhead or activate a workover rig. The units are fast and easy to install on new wells, which minimizes well down time and reduces on-site welding, pipe make-up requirements, and roustabout time by 50%. The lubricators also contain internal adjustment sleeves to easily increase or decrease the flow area to adapt to changing well production profiles.
Awarded a significant customer commitment with a large operator for supply and service of our high-pressure Rod-Lock BOPs in Argentina’s Vaca Muerta field. This industry-leading technology enhances safety and protects adjacent wells from frac breakthrough, and this customer commitment demonstrates our strong partnership and ability to offer innovative and reliable solutions to customers in both domestic and international unconventional resource plays.
Won a contract expansion with an IOC in the Delaware Basin for use of our Phantom single-point chemical injection systems on nearly 100 wells. ChampionX has an exclusive distribution agreement for the FlowCoreTM Phantom technology, which features 99% injection accuracy and a dual communications system that allows for autonomously adjusting injection rates in real time based on production data from the customer’s Scada system. This capability is especially important for the dynamic well conditions in unconventional wells. The injection system also uses a cloud-based platform where the chemical provider can monitor chemical tank levels, injection variances, and potential injection system reliability issues.
Exited 2023 with our Emissions Technologies business serving 60 operators worldwide, illustrating our extensive market presence and strong customer engagement.

Drilling Technologies

Full-year 2023 diamond bearing sales increased by more than 40% year-over-year.

Other

ChampionX Middle East was awarded the OPAL Award for best practices in 2023 in the “Omanisation” Category for the Large Contractor sector. The award recognizes the most innovative policies and procedures implemented towards recruiting, developing and retaining Omani workforce.
ChampionX was named a winner of the Frost & Sullivan 2023 Enlightened Growth Leadership Award for its leadership in chemical solutions, artificial lift systems, and engineering solutions. The award recognizes organizations that have embraced emerging technologies, and generated opportunities for all while demonstrating best practices for sustainable growth.


Conference Call Details

ChampionX Corporation will host a conference call on Tuesday, February 6, 2024, to discuss its fourth quarter and full year 2023 financial results and outlook. The call will begin at 9:00 a.m. Eastern Time. Presentation materials that supplement the conference call will be available on ChampionX’s website at investors.championx.com.

To listen to the call via a live webcast, please visit ChampionX’s website at investor.championx.com. The call will also be available by dialing 1-888-259-6580 in the United States and Canada or 1-416-764-8624 for international calls. Please call approximately 15 minutes prior to the scheduled start time and reference ChampionX conference call number 83686329.

A replay of the conference call will be available for 30 days on ChampionX’s website.

###

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About Non-GAAP Measures

In addition to financial results determined in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (“GAAP”), this news release presents non-GAAP financial measures. Management believes that adjusted EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA margin, adjusted net income attributable to ChampionX and adjusted diluted earnings per share attributable to ChampionX, provide useful information to investors regarding the Company’s financial condition and results of operations because they reflect the core operating results of our businesses and help facilitate comparisons of operating performance across periods. In addition, free cash flow, free cash flow to adjusted EBITDA ratio, and free cash flow to revenue ratio are used by management to measure our ability to generate positive cash flow for debt reduction and to support our strategic objectives. Although management believes the aforementioned non-GAAP financial measures are good tools for internal use and the investment community in evaluating ChampionX’s overall financial performance, the foregoing non-GAAP financial measures should be considered in addition to, not as a substitute for or superior to, other measures of financial performance prepared in accordance with GAAP. A reconciliation of these non-GAAP measures to the most directly comparable GAAP measures is included in the accompanying financial tables.

This press release contains certain forward-looking non-GAAP financial measures, including adjusted EBITDA. The Company has not provided projected net income attributable to ChampionX or a reconciliation of projected adjusted EBITDA. Management cannot predict with a reasonable degree of accuracy certain of the necessary components of net income attributable to ChampionX, such as depreciation and amortization expense. As such, a reconciliation of projected adjusted EBITDA to projected net income attributable to ChampionX is not available without unreasonable effort. The actual amount of depreciation and amortization, highly inflationary currency changes, and other amounts excluded from adjusted EBITDA could have a significant impact on net income attributable to ChampionX.

About ChampionX

ChampionX is a global leader in chemistry solutions, artificial lift systems, and highly engineered equipment and technologies that help companies drill for and produce oil and gas safely, efficiently, and sustainably around the world. ChampionX’s expertise, innovative products, and digital technologies provide enhanced oil and gas production, transportation, and real-time emissions monitoring throughout the lifecycle of a well. To learn more about ChampionX, visit our website at www.ChampionX.com.

Forward-Looking Statements
This news release contains statements relating to future actions and results, which are "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Such statements relate to, among other things, ChampionX's market position and growth opportunities.  Forward-looking statements include statements related to ChampionX’s expectations regarding the performance of the business, financial results, liquidity and capital resources of ChampionX. Forward-looking statements are subject to inherent risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from current expectations, including, but not limited to, changes in economic, competitive, strategic, technological, tax, regulatory or other factors that affect the operations of ChampionX’s businesses. You are encouraged to refer to the documents that ChampionX files from time to time with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”), including the “Risk Factors” in ChampionX’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2022, and in ChampionX’s other filings with the SEC. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on ChampionX’s forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements speak only as of the day they are made and ChampionX undertakes no obligation to update any forward-looking statement, except as required by applicable law.
    
Investor Contact: Byron Pope
byron.pope@championx.com
281-602-0094

Media Contact: John Breed
john.breed@championx.com
281-403-5751

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CHAMPIONX CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME (LOSS)
(UNAUDITED)
Three Months EndedYears Ended
 Dec 31,Sep 30,Dec 31,December 31,
(in thousands, except per share amounts)20232023202220232022
Revenue$943,555 $939,783 $985,855 $3,758,285 $3,805,948 
Cost of goods and services661,337 647,923 703,232 2,618,646 2,907,284 
Gross profit282,218 291,860 282,623 1,139,639 898,664 
Selling, general and administrative expense147,415 162,317 146,835 633,032 592,282 
Goodwill impairment— — 39,617 — 39,617 
Long-lived asset impairments and loss on disposal groups— — 1,978 12,965 18,493 
Interest expense, net13,808 13,744 11,622 54,562 45,204 
Foreign currency transaction losses (gains), net14,651 7,992 (2,687)36,334 8,555 
Other income, net(7,584)(1,994)(2,019)(21,078)(2,293)
Income before income taxes113,928 109,801 87,277 423,824 196,806 
Provision for income taxes35,771 29,009 21,008 105,105 40,243 
Net income78,157 80,792 66,269 318,719 156,563 
Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interest959 3,081 (1,588)4,481 1,594 
Net income attributable to ChampionX$77,198 $77,711 $67,857 $314,238 $154,969 
Earnings per share attributable to ChampionX:
Basic$0.40 $0.40 $0.34 $1.60 $0.77 
Diluted$0.39 $0.39 $0.33 $1.57 $0.75 
Weighted-average shares outstanding:
Basic193,191 195,881 199,232 196,083 201,740 
Diluted196,649 199,592 204,389 199,906 207,259 


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CHAMPIONX CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(UNAUDITED)

December 31,
(in thousands)20232022
Assets
Current Assets:
  Cash and cash equivalents$288,557 $250,187 
  Receivables, net534,534 601,061 
  Inventories, net521,549 542,543 
  Prepaid expenses and other current assets80,777 104,790 
Total current assets1,425,417 1,498,581 
Property, plant and equipment, net773,552 734,810 
Goodwill669,064 679,488 
Intangible assets, net243,553 305,010 
Other non-current assets130,116 169,594 
Total assets$3,241,702 $3,387,483 
Liabilities
Current portion of long-term debt$6,203 $6,250 
Accounts payable451,680 469,566 
Other current liabilities324,866 383,160 
Total current liabilities782,749 858,976 
Long-term debt594,283 621,702 
Other long-term liabilities203,639 229,590 
Stockholders’ equity:
ChampionX stockholders’ equity1,676,622 1,694,550 
Noncontrolling interest(15,591)(17,335)
Total liabilities and equity$3,241,702 $3,387,483 


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CHAMPIONX CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(UNAUDITED)

 Years Ended December 31,
(in thousands)20232022
Cash flows from operating activities:  
Net income$318,719 $156,563 
Depreciation and amortization235,936 241,880 
Loss on disposal groups12,965 16,515 
Goodwill impairment— 39,617 
Loss on debt extinguishment and modification— 4,043 
Gain on disposal of fixed assets(1,046)(1,683)
Deferred income taxes(22,272)(45,282)
Receivables70,021 (23,988)
Inventories18,753 (52,426)
Accounts payable(53,891)(13,366)
Other assets20,395 (1,838)
Leased assets(51,247)(25,275)
Other operating items, net(8,062)118,600 
Net cash provided by operating activities540,271 413,360 
Cash flows from investing activities:  
Capital expenditures(142,324)(102,808)
Proceeds from sale of fixed assets14,545 18,017 
Acquisitions, net of cash acquired— (3,198)
Net cash used for investing activities(127,779)(87,989)
Cash flows from financing activities:  
Proceeds from long-term debt15,500 995,038 
Repayment of long-term debt(45,176)(1,092,950)
Payment of debt issuance costs(1,028)(8,008)
Repurchases of common stock(277,575)(180,142)
Dividends paid(64,980)(45,594)
Other94 6,851 
Net cash used for financing activities(373,165)(324,805)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents(957)(5,557)
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents38,370 (4,991)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period250,187 255,178 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period$288,557 $250,187 


8


CHAMPIONX CORPORATION
BUSINESS SEGMENT DATA
(UNAUDITED)

 Three Months EndedYears Ended
Dec 31,Sep 30,Dec 31,December 31,
(in thousands)20232023202220232022
Segment revenue:  
Production Chemical Technologies$634,137 $604,254 $636,539 $2,404,377 $2,347,526 
Production & Automation Technologies241,294 256,148 244,181 1,003,146 954,646 
Drilling Technologies46,821 54,869 53,797 215,721 229,479 
Reservoir Chemical Technologies21,402 25,093 25,698 96,154 145,197 
Corporate and other(99)(581)25,640 38,887 129,100 
Total revenue$943,555 $939,783 $985,855 $3,758,285 $3,805,948 
Income (loss) before income taxes: 
Segment operating profit (loss):  
Production Chemical Technologies$102,179 $94,560 $96,418 $350,216 $239,936 
Production & Automation Technologies22,110 28,299 18,104 118,409 89,133 
Drilling Technologies8,679 12,255 9,426 45,481 54,512 
Reservoir Chemical Technologies3,907 2,461 (16,884)10,541 (90,212)
Total segment operating profit136,875 137,575 107,064 524,647 293,369 
Corporate and other9,139 14,030 8,165 46,261 51,359 
Interest expense, net13,808 13,744 11,622 54,562 45,204 
Income before income taxes$113,928 $109,801 $87,277 $423,824 $196,806 
Operating profit margin / income (loss) before income taxes margin:
Production Chemical Technologies16.1 %15.6 %15.1 %14.6 %10.2 %
Production & Automation Technologies9.2 %11.0 %7.4 %11.8 %9.3 %
Drilling Technologies18.5 %22.3 %17.5 %21.1 %23.8 %
Reservoir Chemical Technologies18.3 %9.8 %(65.7)%11.0 %(62.1)%
ChampionX Consolidated12.1 %11.7 %8.9 %11.3 %5.2 %
Adjusted EBITDA
Production Chemical Technologies$139,107 $133,101 $121,204 $506,991 $377,489 
Production & Automation Technologies52,800 59,288 51,137 232,672 197,453 
Drilling Technologies10,361 13,786 10,999 51,986 61,932 
Reservoir Chemical Technologies5,501 4,198 3,460 18,498 6,000 
Corporate and other(9,624)(12,837)(7,390)(38,926)(25,716)
Adjusted EBITDA$198,145 $197,536 $179,410 $771,221 $617,158 
Adjusted EBITDA margin
Production Chemical Technologies21.9 %22.0 %19.0 %21.1 %16.1 %
Production & Automation Technologies21.9 %23.1 %20.9 %23.2 %20.7 %
Drilling Technologies22.1 %25.1 %20.4 %24.1 %27.0 %
Reservoir Chemical Technologies25.7 %16.7 %13.5 %19.2 %4.1 %
ChampionX Consolidated21.0 %21.0 %18.2 %20.5 %16.2 %
    

9


CHAMPIONX CORPORATION
RECONCILIATIONS OF GAAP TO NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES
(UNAUDITED)

The Company defines adjusted EBITDA as net income (loss) plus (i) depreciation and amortization, (ii) interest expense, net, (iii) foreign currency transaction losses (gains), net, (iv) provision for income taxes, and (v) other material items that management believes do not reflect our core operating performance.

Previously, the Company defined adjusted EBITDA inclusive of the impact of foreign currency transaction gains and losses. However, beginning with the fourth quarter of 2023, the Company revised the definition in order to remove the impact related to foreign currency fluctuations as we believe it provides a more consistent basis for comparing underlying operating performance on a currency neutral basis across periods. The comparative periods were also adjusted based on the revised definition. See the following tables for the reconciliation of adjusted EBITDA for the current and historical periods using the revised definition.
 Three Months EndedYears Ended
Dec 31,Sep 30,Dec 31,December 31,
(in thousands)20232023202220232022
Net income attributable to ChampionX$77,198 $77,711 $67,857 $314,238 $154,969 
Pre-tax adjustments:
Loss on disposal groups (1)
— — 1,978 12,965 18,493 
Russia sanctions compliance and impacts (2)
160 95 (2,909)1,209 928 
Goodwill impairment— — 39,617 — 39,617 
Loss on debt extinguishment and modification— — — — 6,070 
Restructuring and other related charges2,407 1,228 (16,784)13,387 65,158 
Merger integration costs— — 1,001 245 10,759 
Acquisition costs and related adjustments (3)
(6,817)— (7,112)(12,670)(17,648)
Intellectual property defense638 220 27 1,545 781 
Merger-related indemnification responsibility— 722 — 722 — 
Tulsa, Oklahoma storm damage660 1,895 — 3,162 — 
Foreign currency transaction losses, net14,651 7,992 574 36,334 9,110 
Tax impact of adjustments(2,600)(2,702)3,604 (12,650)(20,940)
Adjusted net income attributable to ChampionX86,297 87,161 87,853 358,487 267,297 
Tax impact of adjustments2,600 2,702 (3,604)12,650 20,940 
Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interest959 3,081 (1,588)4,481 1,594 
Depreciation and amortization58,710 61,839 64,119 235,936 241,880 
Provision for income taxes35,771 29,009 21,008 105,105 40,243 
Interest expense, net13,808 13,744 11,622 54,562 45,204 
Adjusted EBITDA$198,145 $197,536 $179,410 $771,221 $617,158 
_______________________
(1)    Amounts represent the loss recorded to properly adjust the carrying value of our Chemical Technologies operations in Russia to the lower of carrying value or fair value less costs to sell.
(2) Includes charges incurred related to legal and professional fees to comply with, as well as additional foreign currency exchange losses associated with, the sanctions imposed in Russia.
(3) Includes revenue associated with the amortization of a liability established as part of the merger transaction with Ecolab Inc. (“Ecolab”) to acquire the Chemical Technologies business, representing unfavorable terms under the Cross Supply Agreement, as well as costs incurred for the acquisition of businesses. During the fourth quarter of 2023, we recorded a fair value adjustment to contingent consideration on a prior acquisition as well as the settlement of an item pursuant to the tax matters agreement with Ecolab.


10


 Three Months EndedYears Ended
Dec 31,Sep 30,Dec 31,December 31,
(in thousands)20232023202220232022
Diluted earnings per share attributable to ChampionX$0.39 $0.39 $0.33 $1.57 $0.75 
Per share adjustments:
Loss on disposal groups— — 0.01 0.06 0.09 
Russia sanctions compliance and impacts— — (0.01)— — 
Goodwill impairment— — 0.19 — 0.19 
Loss on debt extinguishment and modification— — — — 0.03 
Restructuring and other related charges0.01 0.01 (0.08)0.07 0.31 
Merger integration costs— — — — 0.05 
Acquisition costs and related adjustments(0.03)— (0.03)(0.06)(0.09)
Intellectual property defense— — — 0.01 — 
Merger-related indemnification responsibility— 0.01 — — — 
Tulsa, Oklahoma storm damage0.01 0.01 — 0.02 — 
Foreign currency transaction losses0.07 0.04 — 0.18 0.04 
Tax impact of adjustments(0.01)(0.02)0.02 (0.06)(0.08)
Adjusted diluted earnings per share attributable to ChampionX$0.44 $0.44 $0.43 $1.79 $1.29 


































11


CHAMPIONX CORPORATION
RECONCILIATIONS OF GAAP TO NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES
(UNAUDITED)
Three Months EndedYears Ended
Dec 31,Sep 30,Dec 31,December 31,
(in thousands)20232023202220232022
Production Chemical Technologies
Segment operating profit$102,179 $94,560 $96,418 $350,216 $239,936 
Non-GAAP adjustments11,194 9,079 1,703 51,717 45,678 
Depreciation and amortization25,734 29,462 23,083 105,058 91,875 
Segment adjusted EBITDA$139,107 $133,101 $121,204 $506,991 $377,489 
Production & Automation Technologies
Segment operating profit$22,110 $28,299 $18,104 $118,409 $89,133 
Non-GAAP adjustments1,231 2,089 3,978 5,246 4,728 
Depreciation and amortization29,459 28,900 29,055 109,017 103,592 
Segment adjusted EBITDA$52,800 $59,288 $51,137 $232,672 $197,453 
Drilling Technologies
Segment operating profit$8,679 $12,255 $9,426 $45,481 $54,512 
Non-GAAP adjustments109 (8)(6)313 781 
Depreciation and amortization1,573 1,539 1,579 6,192 6,639 
Segment adjusted EBITDA$10,361 $13,786 $10,999 $51,986 $61,932 
Reservoir Chemical Technologies
Segment operating profit$3,907 $2,461 $(16,884)$10,541 $(90,212)
Non-GAAP adjustments72 15,590 1,486 81,550 
Depreciation and amortization1,590 1,665 4,754 6,471 14,662 
Segment adjusted EBITDA$5,501 $4,198 $3,460 $18,498 $6,000 
Corporate and other
Segment operating profit$(22,947)$(27,774)$(19,787)$(100,823)$(96,563)
Non-GAAP adjustments(839)920 (4,873)(1,863)531 
Depreciation and amortization354 273 5,648 9,198 25,112 
Interest expense, net13,808 13,744 11,622 54,562 45,204 
Segment adjusted EBITDA$(9,624)$(12,837)$(7,390)$(38,926)$(25,716)
12


Free Cash Flow

 Three Months EndedYears Ended
Dec 31,Sep 30,Dec 31,December 31,
(in thousands)20232023202220232022
Free Cash Flow  
Cash provided by operating activities$168,953 $163,030 $195,093 $540,271 $413,360 
Less: Capital expenditures, net of proceeds from sale of fixed assets(29,142)(48,469)(26,463)(127,779)(84,791)
Free cash flow$139,811 $114,561 $168,630 $412,492 $328,569 
Cash From Operating Activities to Revenue Ratio
Cash provided by operating activities$168,953 $163,030 $195,093 $540,271 $413,360 
Revenue$943,555 $939,783 $985,855 $3,758,285 $3,805,948 
Cash from operating activities to revenue ratio18 %17 %20 %14 %11 %
Free Cash Flow to Revenue Ratio 
Free cash flow$139,811 $114,561 $168,630 $412,492 $328,569 
Revenue$943,555 $939,783 $985,855 $3,758,285 $3,805,948 
Free cash flow to revenue ratio15 %12 %17 %11 %%
Free Cash Flow to Adjusted EBITDA Ratio
Free cash flow$139,811 $114,561 $168,630 $412,492 $328,569 
Adjusted EBITDA$198,145 $197,536 $179,410 $771,221 $617,158 
Free cash flow to adjusted EBITDA ratio71 %58 %94 %53 %53 %


13


CHAMPIONX CORPORATION
HISTORICAL BUSINESS SEGMENT DATA
(UNAUDITED)

 Three Months EndedYear Ended
Mar 31,Jun 30,Sep 30,Dec 31,Dec 31,
(in thousands)20232023202320232023
Segment revenue:  
Production Chemical Technologies591,684 574,302 604,254 634,137 $2,404,377 
Production & Automation Technologies251,548 254,156 256,148 241,294 1,003,146 
Drilling Technologies56,707 57,324 54,869 46,821 215,721 
Reservoir Chemical Technologies25,806 23,853 25,093 21,402 96,154 
Corporate and other22,602 16,965 (581)(99)38,887 
Total revenue$948,347 $926,600 $939,783 $943,555 $3,758,285 
Income (loss) before income taxes: 
Segment operating profit (loss):  
Production Chemical Technologies66,314 87,163 94,560 102,179 $350,216 
Production & Automation Technologies34,792 33,208 28,299 22,110 118,409 
Drilling Technologies11,887 12,660 12,255 8,679 45,481 
Reservoir Chemical Technologies1,987 2,186 2,461 3,907 10,541 
Total segment operating profit114,980 135,217 137,575 136,875 524,647 
Corporate and other10,701 12,391 14,030 9,139 46,261 
Interest expense, net12,466 14,544 13,744 13,808 54,562 
Income before income taxes$91,813 $108,282 $109,801 $113,928 $423,824 
Operating profit margin / income (loss) before income taxes margin:
Production Chemical Technologies11.2 %15.2 %15.6 %16.1 %14.6 %
Production & Automation Technologies13.8 %13.1 %11.0 %9.2 %11.8 %
Drilling Technologies21.0 %22.1 %22.3 %18.5 %21.1 %
Reservoir Chemical Technologies7.7 %9.2 %9.8 %18.3 %11.0 %
ChampionX Consolidated9.7 %11.7 %11.7 %12.1 %11.3 %
Adjusted EBITDA
Production Chemical Technologies$113,608 $121,175 $133,101 $139,107 $506,991 
Production & Automation Technologies59,943 60,641 59,288 52,800 232,672 
Drilling Technologies13,463 14,376 13,786 10,361 51,986 
Reservoir Chemical Technologies4,414 4,385 4,198 5,501 18,498 
Corporate and other(6,569)(9,896)(12,837)(9,624)(38,926)
Adjusted EBITDA$184,859 $190,681 $197,536 $198,145 $771,221 
Adjusted EBITDA margin
Production Chemical Technologies19.2 %21.1 %22.0 %21.9 %21.1 %
Production & Automation Technologies23.8 %23.9 %23.1 %21.9 %23.2 %
Drilling Technologies23.7 %25.1 %25.1 %22.1 %24.1 %
Reservoir Chemical Technologies17.1 %18.4 %16.7 %25.7 %19.2 %
ChampionX Consolidated19.5 %20.6 %21.0 %21.0 %20.5 %
    

14



 Three Months EndedYear Ended
Mar 31,Jun 30,Sep 30,Dec 31,Dec 31,
(in thousands)20222022202220222022
Segment revenue:  
Production Chemical Technologies514,972 552,411 643,604 636,539 $2,347,526 
Production & Automation Technologies220,349 242,399 247,717 244,181 954,646 
Drilling Technologies56,859 57,858 60,965 53,797 229,479 
Reservoir Chemical Technologies39,900 44,114 35,485 25,698 145,197 
Corporate and other33,880 35,790 33,790 25,640 129,100 
Total revenue$865,960 $932,572 $1,021,561 $985,855 $3,805,948 
Income (loss) before income taxes: 
Segment operating profit (loss):  
Production Chemical Technologies$31,263 $25,606 $86,649 $96,418 $239,936 
Production & Automation Technologies24,710 23,650 22,485 18,104 89,133 
Drilling Technologies15,220 15,043 14,856 9,426 54,512 
Reservoir Chemical Technologies(3,469)(8,147)(61,711)(16,884)(90,212)
Total segment operating profit67,724 56,152 62,279 107,064 293,369 
Corporate and other11,794 17,896 13,354 8,165 51,359 
Interest expense, net11,363 10,765 11,454 11,622 45,204 
Income before income taxes$44,567 $27,491 $37,471 $87,277 $196,806 
Operating profit margin / income (loss) before income taxes margin:
Production Chemical Technologies6.1 %4.6 %13.5 %15.1 %10.2 %
Production & Automation Technologies11.2 %9.8 %9.1 %7.4 %9.3 %
Drilling Technologies26.8 %26.0 %24.4 %17.5 %23.8 %
Reservoir Chemical Technologies(8.7)%(18.5)%(173.9)%(65.7)%(62.1)%
ChampionX Consolidated5.1 %2.9 %3.7 %8.9 %5.2 %
Adjusted EBITDA
Production Chemical Technologies$69,340 $80,743 $106,202 $121,204 $377,489 
Production & Automation Technologies45,257 48,797 52,262 51,137 197,453 
Drilling Technologies17,319 17,088 16,526 10,999 61,932 
Reservoir Chemical Technologies(191)(300)3,031 3,460 6,000 
Corporate and other(4,124)(5,809)(8,393)(7,390)(25,716)
Adjusted EBITDA$127,601 $140,519 $169,628 $179,410 $617,158 
Adjusted EBITDA margin
Production Chemical Technologies13.5 %14.6 %16.5 %19.0 %16.1 %
Production & Automation Technologies20.5 %20.1 %21.1 %20.9 %20.7 %
Drilling Technologies30.5 %29.5 %27.1 %20.4 %27.0 %
Reservoir Chemical Technologies(0.5)%(0.7)%8.5 %13.5 %4.1 %
ChampionX Consolidated14.7 %15.1 %16.6 %18.2 %16.2 %
    

15


CHAMPIONX CORPORATION
HISTORICAL RECONCILIATIONS OF GAAP TO NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES
(UNAUDITED)

 Three Months EndedYear Ended
Mar 31,Jun 30,Sep 30,Dec 31,Dec 31,
(in thousands)20232023202320232023
Net income attributable to ChampionX$63,532 $95,797 $77,711 $77,198 $314,238 
Pre-tax adjustments:
Loss on disposal groups (1)
12,965 — — — 12,965 
Russia sanctions compliance and impacts (2)
521 433 95 160 1,209 
Restructuring and other related charges4,399 5,353 1,228 2,407 13,387 
Merger integration costs245 — — — 245 
Acquisition costs and related adjustments (3)
(3,512)(2,341)— (6,817)(12,670)
Intellectual property defense— 687 220 638 1,545 
Merger-related indemnification responsibility— — 722 — 722 
Tulsa, Oklahoma storm damage— 607 1,895 660 3,162 
Foreign currency transaction losses, net9,252 4,439 7,992 14,651 36,334 
Tax impact of adjustments(5,307)(2,041)(2,702)(2,600)(12,650)
Adjusted net income attributable to ChampionX82,095 102,934 87,161 86,297 358,487 
Tax impact of adjustments5,307 2,041 2,702 2,600 12,650 
Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interest(388)829 3,081 959 4,481 
Depreciation and amortization56,710 58,677 61,839 58,710 235,936 
Provision for income taxes28,669 11,656 29,009 35,771 105,105 
Interest expense, net12,466 14,544 13,744 13,808 54,562 
Adjusted EBITDA$184,859 $190,681 $197,536 $198,145 $771,221 




16



 Three Months EndedYear Ended
Mar 31,Jun 30,Sep 30,Dec 31,Dec 31,
(in thousands)20222022202220222022
Net income attributable to ChampionX$36,702 $27,342 $23,068 $67,857 $154,969 
Pre-tax adjustments:
Loss on disposal groups (1)
— 22,924 (6,409)1,978 18,493 
Russia sanctions compliance and impacts (2)
— 5,457 (1,620)(2,909)928 
Goodwill impairment— — — 39,617 39,617 
Loss on debt extinguishment and modification— 6,070 — — 6,070 
Restructuring and other related charges9,107 5,302 67,533 (16,784)65,158 
Merger integration costs5,241 3,865 652 1,001 10,759 
Acquisition costs and related adjustments (3)
(3,512)(3,512)(3,512)(7,112)(17,648)
Intellectual property defense363 376 15 27 781 
Foreign currency transaction losses, net2,773 2,251 3,512 574 9,110 
Tax impact of adjustments(2,934)(8,974)(12,636)3,604 (20,940)
Adjusted net income attributable to ChampionX47,740 61,101 70,603 87,853 267,297 
Tax impact of adjustments2,934 8,974 12,636 (3,604)20,940 
Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interest1,471 1,554 157 (1,588)1,594 
Depreciation and amortization57,699 59,530 60,532 64,119 241,880 
Provision for (benefit from) income taxes6,394 (1,405)14,246 21,008 40,243 
Interest expense, net11,363 10,765 11,454 11,622 45,204 
Adjusted EBITDA$127,601 $140,519 $169,628 $179,410 $617,158 






























17


CHAMPIONX CORPORATION
HISTORICAL RECONCILIATIONS OF GAAP TO NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES
(UNAUDITED)
Three Months EndedYear Ended
Mar 31,Jun 30,Sep 30,Dec 31,Dec 31,
(in thousands)20232023202320232023
Production Chemical Technologies
Segment operating profit$66,314 $87,163 $94,560 $102,179 $350,216 
Non-GAAP adjustments23,115 8,329 9,079 11,194 51,717 
Depreciation and amortization24,179 25,683 29,462 25,734 105,058 
Segment adjusted EBITDA$113,608 $121,175 $133,101 $139,107 $506,991 
Production & Automation Technologies
Segment operating profit$34,792 $33,208 $28,299 $22,110 $118,409 
Non-GAAP adjustments914 1,012 2,089 1,231 5,246 
Depreciation and amortization24,237 26,421 28,900 29,459 109,017 
Segment adjusted EBITDA$59,943 $60,641 $59,288 $52,800 $232,672 
Drilling Technologies
Segment operating profit$11,887 $12,660 $12,255 $8,679 $45,481 
Non-GAAP adjustments— 212 (8)109 313 
Depreciation and amortization1,576 1,504 1,539 1,573 6,192 
Segment adjusted EBITDA$13,463 $14,376 $13,786 $10,361 $51,986 
Reservoir Chemical Technologies
Segment operating profit$1,987 $2,186 $2,461 $3,907 $10,541 
Non-GAAP adjustments810 600 72 1,486 
Depreciation and amortization1,617 1,599 1,665 1,590 6,471 
Segment adjusted EBITDA$4,414 $4,385 $4,198 $5,501 $18,498 
Corporate and other
Segment operating profit$(23,167)$(26,935)$(27,774)$(22,947)$(100,823)
Non-GAAP adjustments(969)(975)920 (839)(1,863)
Depreciation and amortization5,101 3,470 273 354 9,198 
Interest expense, net12,466 14,544 13,744 13,808 54,562 
Segment adjusted EBITDA$(6,569)$(9,896)$(12,837)$(9,624)$(38,926)
















18


CHAMPIONX CORPORATION
HISTORICAL RECONCILIATIONS OF GAAP TO NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES
(UNAUDITED)
Three Months EndedYear Ended
Mar 31,Jun 30,Sep 30,Dec 31,Dec 31,
(in thousands)20222022202220222022
Production Chemical Technologies
Segment operating profit$31,263 $25,606 $86,649 $96,418 $239,936 
Non-GAAP adjustments14,100 31,072 (1,197)1,703 45,678 
Depreciation and amortization23,977 24,065 20,750 23,083 91,875 
Segment adjusted EBITDA$69,340 $80,743 $106,202 $121,204 $377,489 
Production & Automation Technologies
Segment operating profit$24,710 $23,650 $22,485 $18,104 $89,133 
Non-GAAP adjustments(3,938)430 4,442 3,977 4,728 
Depreciation and amortization24,485 24,717 25,335 29,055 103,592 
Segment adjusted EBITDA$45,257 $48,797 $52,262 $51,137 $197,453 
Drilling Technologies
Segment operating profit$15,220 $15,043 $14,856 $9,426 $54,512 
Non-GAAP adjustments363 376 15 (6)781 
Depreciation and amortization1,736 1,669 1,655 1,579 6,639 
Segment adjusted EBITDA$17,319 $17,088 $16,526 $10,999 $61,932 
Reservoir Chemical Technologies
Segment operating profit$(3,469)$(8,147)$(61,711)$(16,884)$(90,212)
Non-GAAP adjustments802 4,005 61,152 15,589 81,550 
Depreciation and amortization2,476 3,842 3,590 4,754 14,662 
Segment adjusted EBITDA$(191)$(300)$3,031 $3,460 $6,000 
Corporate and other
Segment operating profit$(23,157)$(28,661)$(24,808)$(19,787)$(96,563)
Non-GAAP adjustments2,645 6,850 (4,241)(4,870)531 
Depreciation and amortization5,025 5,237 9,202 5,648 25,112 
Interest expense, net11,363 10,765 11,454 11,622 45,204 
Segment adjusted EBITDA$(4,124)$(5,809)$(8,393)$(7,390)$(25,716)
19


Free Cash Flow

 Three Months EndedYear Ended
Mar 31,Jun 30,Sep 30,Dec 31,Dec 31,
(in thousands)20232023202320232023
Free Cash Flow  
Cash provided by operating activities$92,378 $115,910 $163,030 $168,953 $540,271 
Less: Capital expenditures, net of proceeds from sale of fixed assets(23,025)(27,143)(48,469)(29,142)(127,779)
Free cash flow$69,353 $88,767 $114,561 $139,811 $412,492 
Free Cash Flow to Adjusted EBITDA Ratio
Free cash flow$69,353 $88,767 $114,561 $139,811 $412,492 
Adjusted EBITDA$184,859 $190,681 $197,536 $198,145 $771,221 
Free cash flow to adjusted EBITDA ratio38 %47 %58 %71 %53 %