ChampionX Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2022 Results

  • Revenue of $985.9 million in Q4’22, increased 20% year-over-year, and decreased 3% sequentially
  • Net income attributable to ChampionX of $67.9 million in Q4’22, increased 56% year-over-year, and 194% sequentially
  • Adjusted net income of $87.5 million in Q4’22, increased 61% year-over-year, and 29% sequentially
  • Adjusted EBITDA of $178.8 million in Q4’22, increased 34% year-over-year, and 8% sequentially
  • Cash from operating activities of $195.1 million and free cash flow of $168.6 million (17% of revenue) in Q4’22
  • Repurchased $80 million of common stock in Q4’22, and $180 million in full year 2022

THE WOODLANDS, Texas, Feb. 01, 2023 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- ChampionX Corporation (NASDAQ: CHX) (“ChampionX” or the “Company”) today announced fourth quarter of 2022 and full year 2022 results. For the fourth quarter of 2022, revenue was $985.9 million, net income attributable to ChampionX was $67.9 million, and adjusted EBITDA was $178.8 million. Income before income taxes margin was 8.9%, and adjusted EBITDA margin was 18.1%. Cash provided by operating activities was $195.1 million, and free cash flow was $168.6 million.

CEO Commentary

“2022 was a year of strong momentum for ChampionX as we delivered robust performance on all key metrics, including revenue growth, adjusted EBITDA margin expansion, free cash flow generation, and capital returned to our shareholders. I am grateful to each of our employees around the world for their steadfast commitment to excellence in operations and our organizational purpose of improving lives,” ChampionX’s President and Chief Executive Officer Sivasankaran “Soma” Somasundaram said.

“During the fourth quarter of 2022, we achieved our targeted exit rate of 18% adjusted EBITDA margin and delivered solid results driven by healthy adjusted EBITDA margin improvement in our Chemical Technologies businesses. We generated revenue of $986 million, down 3% versus the third quarter, as we experienced normal seasonality in our North American businesses into the year-end holidays, weather impacts, and lower cross sales to Ecolab. Our Drilling Technologies revenue in the fourth quarter was impacted by temporary inventory destocking, as our customers focused on year-end working capital management, but sales began to rebound in January. Fourth quarter revenue in our Production Chemical Technologies and Production & Automation Technologies businesses were down modestly compared to the third quarter due to North American seasonality, partially offset by sequential growth in international revenue within Production & Automation Technologies and sequential growth in Middle East & Africa revenue within Production Chemical Technologies. We generated net income attributable to ChampionX of $68 million, which increased 56% year-over-year and 194% sequentially, and adjusted EBITDA of $179 million, which increased 34% year-over-year, and represented a sequential increase of 8%. Our income before income taxes margin improved by 518 basis point sequentially, and our adjusted EBITDA margin expanded by approximately 190 basis point sequentially in the fourth quarter, driven by increased pricing realization.

“We once again demonstrated our strong free cash flow profile as we generated free cash flow of $169 million during the fourth quarter, which represented 94% of our adjusted EBITDA for the period. We delivered $95 million of cash return to our shareholders in the fourth quarter, through our regular cash dividend of $15 million and $80 million of ChampionX share repurchases. For the full year 2022, we returned $226 million of cash to our shareholders, representing 69% of our free cash flow. We remain committed to return at least 60% of free cash flow to shareholders through-the-cycle. Our balance sheet remains strong and we ended the year with $889 million of liquidity, including $250 million of cash and approximately $638 million of available capacity on our revolving credit facility.

“As we look to the first quarter, we expect typical seasonal declines in our international operations, partially offset by a rebound in our North American businesses. On a consolidated basis, in the first quarter, we expect revenue to be between $952 million and $982 million. At the guidance midpoint, our first quarter 2023 revenue represents a 12% increase year-over-year. We expect adjusted EBITDA of $164 million to $172 million. At the guidance midpoint, our first quarter 2023 adjusted EBITDA represents a 35% increase year-over-year. We are continuing to invest in talent and organizational capabilities in our emissions and digital businesses for future growth. We expect 2023 to be another year of solid growth driven by the constructive market environment, and we expect our adjusted EBITDA margin to progressively improve through the year, targeting an exit rate of 20% in the fourth quarter of this year. We expect our 2023 cash generation to be strong, converting at least 50% of our adjusted EBITDA to free cash flow, and we remain committed to returning at least 60% of our free cash flow to our shareholders during the year.

“We continue to see favorable demand tailwinds in our businesses that support a constructive multi-year outlook for our sector. We remain focused on delivering solid bottom-line growth, adjusted EBITDA margin expansion and strong cash generation. We are committed to creating value for our shareholders through a disciplined capital allocation framework, with clear priorities for our capital, including high-return investment and returning cash to shareholders. ChampionX is well positioned to help our customers maximize the value of their producing assets in sustainable and cost-effective ways, and I am humbled and honored to lead our remarkably motivated and talented team.”

Production Chemical Technologies

Production Chemical Technologies revenue in the fourth quarter of 2022 was $636.5 million, a decrease of $7.1 million, or 1%, sequentially, due to lower North American volumes, offset partially by seasonally higher volumes in certain international markets.

Segment operating profit was $96.4 million and adjusted segment EBITDA was $121.1 million. Segment operating profit margin was 15.1%, an increase of 168 basis points, sequentially, and adjusted segment EBITDA margin was 19.0%, an increase of 304 basis points, sequentially, in each case due to higher pricing and favorable mix.

Production & Automation Technologies

Production & Automation Technologies revenue in the fourth quarter of 2022 was $244.2 million, a decrease of $3.5 million, or 1%, sequentially, due to seasonality in our North American businesses into the year-end holidays.

Revenue from digital products was $54.2 million in the fourth quarter of 2022, an increase of $4.4 million, or 9%, compared to $49.8 million in the third quarter of 2022.

Segment operating profit was $18.1 million, and adjusted segment EBITDA was $50.6 million. Segment operating profit margin was 7.4%, a decrease of 166 basis points, sequentially, and adjusted segment EBITDA margin was 20.7%, a decrease of 30 basis points, sequentially, in each case due to lower volumes seasonally.

Drilling Technologies

Drilling Technologies revenue in the fourth quarter of 2022 was $53.8 million, a decrease of $7.2 million, or 12%, sequentially, due to end of year inventory destocking.

Segment operating profit was $9.4 million, and adjusted segment EBITDA was $11.0 million. Segment operating profit margin was 17.5%, a decrease of 685 basis points, sequentially, and adjusted segment EBITDA margin was 20.4%, a decrease of 666 basis points, sequentially, in each case due to lower cost absorption and costs associated with serving customers.

Reservoir Chemical Technologies

Reservoir Chemical Technologies revenue in the fourth quarter of 2022 was $25.7 million, a decrease of $9.8 million, or 28%, sequentially, due to exiting certain product lines to improve the profitability of this business.

Segment operating loss was $16.9 million, and adjusted segment EBITDA was $3.4 million. Segment operating loss margin was 65.7%, as compared to 173.9% in the prior quarter, primarily due to a goodwill impairment charge totaling $39.6 million during the fourth quarter of 2022, partially offset by a reduction in restructuring charges as we favorably settled certain contracts related to the discontinued product lines. Adjusted segment EBITDA margin was 13.4%, an increase of 595 basis points, sequentially, due to better product mix from exiting certain product lines.

Other Business Highlights

  • ChampionX was named as ExxonMobil’s 2022 Supplier of the Year. This is the first time ExxonMobil has awarded this honor to one of its suppliers. The annual ExxonMobil award program, which launched in 2022, recognizes suppliers that achieve a high-performance standard to meet ExxonMobil’s business needs. Nominees are evaluated on a variety of criteria including on-time delivery, safety, responsiveness, service quality, innovation capabilities, and commitment to sustainability and diversity. ChampionX supports global ExxonMobil Upstream activities, including U.S. and Guyana operations.
  • ChampionX was recently chosen as the preferred supplier of specialty stimulation additives to a super major in the Permian basin due to our commitment to safety and operational excellence.
  • Our Chemical Technologies team in Canada gained competitively held treatment of the industry’s largest SAGD project, further solidifying our position as the industry leader in heavy oil technology and solutions.
  • Production & Automation Technologies’ XSPOCTM ESP analytics software offering continues to experience adoption growth in the market. Leveraging multivariate trend analytics and physics-based diagnostics, the software allowed an operator to make better decisions about their ESP operations to increase production and extend run time in a U.S. unconventional basin.
  • Production & Automation Technologies released well site camera monitoring and gallery functions in its XSPOCTM production optimization software. This new feature enables operators’ remote visibility for their producing assets, which can be utilized for security surveillance, or for monitoring potential surface integrity issues remotely.
  • Production & Automation Technologies signed a multi-year contract with a large national oil company in Latin America to deliver high-pressure (10,000 psi) OilLiftTM BOPs and support services for unconventional application that ensures safety protection during well servicing operations and also prevents adjacent well frac breakthroughs.
  • Production & Automation Technologies has injected ProRod’s recently commercialized ANXTM coiled rod on several initial wells with a major U.S. producer. This technology provides anodic protection of the rod and tubing strings for the entire length of the well for reciprocating rod installations.
  • Production & Automation Technologies achieved a new milestone, surpassing 400 installations during the fourth quarter with its award-winning HighRiseTM ESP pumps that drive best-in-class lift per unit length of the pump, along with significant carbon footprint reduction benefits of approximately one ton CO2-equivalent per well installation.
  • During 2022, 65% of Drilling Technologies revenue was generated from products that were less than three years old.
  • ChampionX Emissions Technologies received a large order from a major IOC to deploy our ground-based continuous methane detection and monitoring solution, SOOFIETM, in the Permian basin.
  • ChampionX Emissions Technologies soft-launched Aura OGI, a new MidWave InfraRed (MWIR) based handheld optical gas imaging camera, in January 2023. Full commercial launch is expected in the third quarter of this year.
  • ChampionX was recognized by ALLY EnergyTM with a GRIT Award as one of the Best Energy Workplaces for the second year in a row, and two of our Employee Resource Groups (ERGs), ESSENCE and SEED, received recognition from ALLY as Best ERGs.
  • In November 2022, ChampionX launched a collaborative solar power generation project at our site in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. We now provide 70% of the electricity needed to run the manufacturing operation and regional office with solar power.

Conference Call Details

ChampionX Corporation will host a conference call on Thursday, February 2, 2023, to discuss its fourth quarter and full year 2022 financial results and outlook. The call will begin at 9:00 a.m. Eastern Time. Presentation materials that supplement the conference call will be available on ChampionX’s website at

To listen to the call via a live webcast, please visit ChampionX’s website at The call will also be available by dialing 1-888-396-8049 in the United States and Canada or 1-647-362-9199 for international calls. Please call approximately 15 minutes prior to the scheduled start time and reference ChampionX conference call number 46566315.

A replay of the conference call will be available for 30 days on ChampionX’s website.

About Non-GAAP Measures

In addition to financial results determined in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (“GAAP”), this news release presents non-GAAP financial measures. Management believes that adjusted EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA margin, adjusted net income attributable to ChampionX and adjusted diluted earnings per share attributable to ChampionX, provide useful information to investors regarding the Company’s financial condition and results of operations because they reflect the core operating results of our businesses and help facilitate comparisons of operating performance across periods. In addition, free cash flow, free cash flow to adjusted EBITDA ratio, and free cash flow to revenue ratio are used by management to measure our ability to generate positive cash flow for debt reduction and to support our strategic objectives. Although management believes the aforementioned non-GAAP financial measures are good tools for internal use and the investment community in evaluating ChampionX’s overall financial performance, the foregoing non-GAAP financial measures should be considered in addition to, not as a substitute for or superior to, other measures of financial performance prepared in accordance with GAAP. A reconciliation of these non-GAAP measures to the most directly comparable GAAP measures is included in the accompanying financial tables.

This press release contains certain forward-looking non-GAAP financial measures, including adjusted EBITDA. The Company has not provided projected net income attributable to ChampionX or a reconciliation of projected adjusted EBITDA. Management cannot predict with a reasonable degree of accuracy certain of the necessary components of net income attributable to ChampionX, such as depreciation and amortization expense. As such, a reconciliation of projected adjusted EBITDA to projected net income attributable to ChampionX is not available without unreasonable effort. The actual amount of depreciation and amortization, in particular, and other amounts excluded from adjusted EBITDA will have a significant impact on net income attributable to ChampionX.

About ChampionX

ChampionX is a global leader in chemistry solutions, artificial lift systems, and highly engineered equipment and technologies that help companies drill for and produce oil and gas safely, efficiently, and sustainably around the world. ChampionX’s expertise, innovative products, and digital technologies provide enhanced oil and gas production, transportation, and real-time emissions monitoring throughout the lifecycle of a well. To learn more about ChampionX, visit our website at

Forward-Looking Statements

This news release contains statements relating to future actions and results, which are "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Such statements relate to, among other things, ChampionX's market position and growth opportunities.  Forward-looking statements include statements related to ChampionX’s expectations regarding the performance of the business, financial results, liquidity and capital resources of ChampionX. Forward-looking statements are subject to inherent risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from current expectations, including, but not limited to, changes in economic, competitive, strategic, technological, tax, regulatory or other factors that affect the operations of ChampionX’s businesses. You are encouraged to refer to the documents that ChampionX files from time to time with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”), including the “Risk Factors” in ChampionX’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2021, and in ChampionX’s other filings with the SEC. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on ChampionX’s forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements speak only as of the day they are made and ChampionX undertakes no obligation to update any forward-looking statement, except as required by applicable law.

Investor Contact: Byron Pope

Media Contact: John Breed


 Three Months Ended Years Ended
 Dec 31, Sep 30, Dec 31, December 31,
(in thousands, except per share amounts) 2022   2022   2021  2022  2021 
Revenue$985,855  $1,021,561  $822,145 $3,805,948 $3,074,990 
Cost of goods and services 703,232   825,018   616,830  2,907,284  2,331,715 
Gross profit 282,623   196,543   205,315  898,664  743,275 
Selling, general and administrative expense 146,835   153,736   139,449  592,282  570,357 
Goodwill impairment 39,617        39,617   
Long-lived asset impairments and (gain) loss on disposal groups 1,978   (6,409)  1,746  18,493  (38,131)
Interest expense, net 11,622   11,454   11,037  45,204  51,921 
Other expense (income), net (4,706)  291   3,127  6,262  6,443 
Income before income taxes 87,277   37,471   49,956  196,806  152,685 
Provision for income taxes 21,008   14,246   6,190  40,243  38,445 
Net income 66,269   23,225   43,766  156,563  114,240 
Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interest (1,588)  157   317  1,594  941 
Net income attributable to ChampionX$67,857  $23,068  $43,449 $154,969 $113,299 
Earnings per share attributable to ChampionX:         
Basic$0.34  $0.11  $0.21 $0.77 $0.56 
Diluted$0.33  $0.11  $0.21 $0.75 $0.54 
Weighted-average shares outstanding:         
Basic 199,232   201,421   202,320  201,740  201,579 
Diluted 204,389   206,522   208,779  207,259  208,325 


 December 31,
(in thousands) 2022   2021 
Cash and cash equivalents$250,187  $251,678 
Restricted cash    3,500 
Receivables, net 601,061   584,440 
Inventories, net 542,543   542,910 
Assets held for sale 29,334   7,217 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets 75,456   71,155 
Total current assets 1,498,581   1,460,900 
Property, plant and equipment, net 734,810   776,813 
Goodwill 679,488   702,867 
Intangible assets, net 305,010   401,470 
Other non-current assets 169,594   192,651 
Total assets$3,387,483  $3,534,701 
Current portion of long-term debt$6,250  $26,850 
Accounts payable 469,566   473,561 
Other current liabilities 383,160   301,914 
Total current liabilities 858,976   802,325 
Long-term debt 621,702   697,657 
Other long-term liabilities 229,590   280,412 
ChampionX stockholders’ equity 1,694,550   1,770,645 
Noncontrolling interest (17,335)  (16,338)
Total liabilities and equity$3,387,483  $3,534,701 


 Years Ended December 31,
(in thousands) 2022   2021 
Cash flows from operating activities:   
Net income$156,563  $114,240 
Depreciation and amortization 241,880   237,285 
(Gain) loss on disposal groups 16,515   (38,131)
Goodwill impairment 39,617    
Loss on debt extinguishment and modification 4,043   11,098 
Deferred income taxes (45,282)  (20,552)
Receivables (23,988)  (28,736)
Inventories (52,426)  (124,154)
Accounts payable (13,366)  171,398 
Leased assets (25,275)  (5,151)
Other 115,079   10,922 
Net cash provided by operating activities 413,360   328,219 
Cash flows from investing activities:   
Capital expenditures (102,808)  (84,464)
Proceeds from disposal of business    66,786 
Proceeds from sale of fixed assets 18,017   5,236 
Acquisitions, net of cash acquired (3,198)  (20,095)
Purchase of investments    (4,874)
Net cash used for investing activities (87,989)  (37,411)
Cash flows from financing activities:   
Proceeds from long-term debt 995,038    
Repayment of long-term debt (1,092,950)  (223,413)
Payment of debt issuance costs (8,008)   
Repurchases of common stock (180,142)   
Dividends paid (45,594)   
Other 6,851   (10,934)
Net cash used for financing activities (324,805)  (234,347)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash (5,557)  (2,704)
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash (4,991)  53,757 
Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period 255,178   201,421 
Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period$250,187  $255,178 


 Three Months Ended Years Ended
 Dec 31, Sep 30, Dec 31, December 31,
(in thousands) 2022   2022   2021   2022   2021 
Segment revenue:         
Production Chemical Technologies$636,539  $643,604  $495,310  $2,347,526  $1,842,400 
Production & Automation Technologies 244,181   247,717   202,880   954,646   762,371 
Drilling Technologies 53,797   60,965   50,068   229,479   172,066 
Reservoir Chemical Technologies 25,698   35,485   39,790   145,197   141,095 
Corporate and other 25,640   33,790   34,097   129,100   157,058 
Total revenue$985,855  $1,021,561  $822,145  $3,805,948  $3,074,990 
Income (loss) before income taxes:        
Segment operating profit (loss):         
Production Chemical Technologies$96,418  $86,649  $55,539  $239,936  $165,463 
Production & Automation Technologies 18,104   22,485   13,574   89,133   45,635 
Drilling Technologies 9,426   14,856   9,010   54,512   30,409 
Reservoir Chemical Technologies (16,884)  (61,711)  (1,667)  (90,212)  30,311 
Total segment operating profit 107,064   62,279   76,456   293,369   271,818 
Corporate and other 8,165   13,354   15,463   51,359   67,212 
Interest expense, net 11,622   11,454   11,037   45,204   51,921 
Income before income taxes$87,277  $37,471  $49,956  $196,806  $152,685 
Operating profit margin / income (loss) before income taxes margin:         
Production Chemical Technologies 15.1%  13.5%  11.2%  10.2%  9.0%
Production & Automation Technologies 7.4%  9.1%  6.7%  9.3%  6.0%
Drilling Technologies 17.5%  24.4%  18.0%  23.8%  17.7%
Reservoir Chemical Technologies (65.7)%  (173.9)%  (4.2)%  (62.1)%  21.5%
ChampionX Consolidated 8.9%  3.7%  6.1%  5.2%  5.0%
Adjusted EBITDA         
Production Chemical Technologies$121,092  $102,848  $82,395  $369,054  $271,244 
Production & Automation Technologies 50,620   52,101   39,332   196,261   152,734 
Drilling Technologies 10,998   16,526   13,242   61,932   44,326 
Reservoir Chemical Technologies 3,437   2,635   2,697   5,518   2,891 
Corporate and other (7,311)  (7,994)  (4,553)  (24,717)  (14,903)
Adjusted EBITDA$178,836  $166,116  $133,113  $608,048  $456,292 
Adjusted EBITDA margin         
Production Chemical Technologies 19.0%  16.0%  16.6%  15.7%  14.7%
Production & Automation Technologies 20.7%  21.0%  19.4%  20.6%  20.0%
Drilling Technologies 20.4%  27.1%  26.4%  27.0%  25.8%
Reservoir Chemical Technologies 13.4%  7.4%  6.8%  3.8%  2.0%
ChampionX Consolidated 18.1%  16.3%  16.2%  16.0%  14.8%


 Three Months Ended Years Ended
 Dec 31, Sep 30, Dec 31, December 31,
(in thousands) 2022   2022   2021   2022   2021 
Net income attributable to ChampionX$67,857  $23,068  $43,449  $154,969  $113,299 
Pre-tax adjustments:         
(Gain) loss on disposal groups(1) 1,978   (6,409)  1,746   18,493   (38,131)
Russia sanctions compliance and impacts(2) (2,909)  (1,620)     928    
Goodwill impairment 39,617         39,617    
Loss on debt extinguishment and modification       2,391   6,070   11,098 
Restructuring and other related charges (16,784)  67,533   4,505   65,158   14,624 
Merger integration costs 1,001   652   6,033   10,759   35,233 
Acquisition costs and related adjustments(3) (7,112)  (3,512)  (3,512)  (17,648)  (13,636)
Intellectual property defense 27   15   2,477   781   6,622 
Latin America tax matters             (2,968)
Separation and supplemental benefit costs             1,559 
Tax impact of adjustments 3,848   (11,898)  (2,864)  (18,903)  (3,024)
Adjusted net income attributable to ChampionX 87,523   67,829   54,225   260,224   124,676 
Tax impact of adjustments (3,848)  11,898   2,864   18,903   3,024 
Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interest (1,588)  157   317   1,594   941 
Depreciation and amortization 64,119   60,532   58,480   241,880   237,285 
Provision for income taxes 21,008   14,246   6,190   40,243   38,445 
Interest expense, net 11,622   11,454   11,037   45,204   51,921 
Adjusted EBITDA$178,836  $166,116  $133,113  $608,048  $456,292 


(1)  For 2022, amounts represent the (gain)/loss recorded to properly adjust the carrying value of our CT Russia Business to the lower of carrying value or fair value less costs to sell. For 2021, amounts represent the gain on the associated with the sale of our chemical manufacturing plant in Corsicana, Texas.
(2)  Includes charges incurred related to legal and professional fees to comply with, as well as additional foreign currency exchange losses associated with, the sanctions imposed in Russia.
(3) Includes revenue associated with the amortization of a liability established as part of the Merger, representing unfavorable terms under the Cross Supply Agreement.

 Three Months Ended Years Ended
 Dec 31, Sep 30, Dec 31, December 31,
(in thousands) 2022   2022   2021   2022   2021 
Diluted earnings per share attributable to ChampionX$0.33  $0.11  $0.21  $0.75  $0.54 
Per share adjustments:         
(Gain) loss on disposal groups 0.01   (0.03)  0.01   0.09   (0.18)
Russia sanctions compliance and impacts (0.01)  (0.01)         
Goodwill impairment 0.19         0.19    
Loss on debt extinguishment and modification       0.01   0.03   0.05 
Restructuring and other related charges (0.08)  0.34   0.02   0.31   0.07 
Merger integration costs       0.03   0.05   0.17 
Acquisition costs and related adjustments (0.03)  (0.02)  (0.02)  (0.09)  (0.07)
Intellectual property defense       0.01      0.03 
Latin America tax matters             (0.01)
Separation and supplemental benefit costs             0.01 
Tax impact of adjustments 0.02   (0.06)  (0.01)  (0.07)  (0.01)
Adjusted diluted earnings per share attributable to ChampionX$0.43  $0.33  $0.26  $1.26  $0.60 

Free Cash Flow

 Three Months Ended Years Ended
 Dec 31, Sep 30, Dec 31, December 31,
(in thousands) 2022   2022   2021   2022   2021 
Free Cash Flow         
Cash provided by operating activities$195,093  $187,152  $88,419  $413,360  $328,219 
Less: Capital expenditures, net of proceeds from sale of fixed assets (26,463)  (19,719)  (17,092)  (84,791)  (79,228)
Free cash flow$168,630  $167,433  $71,327  $328,569  $248,991 
Cash From Operating Activities to Revenue Ratio         
Cash provided by operating activities$195,093  $187,152  $88,419  $413,360  $328,219 
Revenue$985,855  $1,021,561  $822,145  $3,805,948  $3,074,990 
Cash from operating activities to revenue ratio 20%  18%  11%  11%  11%
Free Cash Flow to Revenue Ratio         
Free cash flow$168,630  $167,433  $71,327  $328,569  $248,991 
Revenue$985,855  $1,021,561  $822,145  $3,805,948  $3,074,990 
Free cash flow to revenue ratio 17%  16%  9%  9%  8%
Free Cash Flow to Adjusted EBITDA Ratio         
Free cash flow$168,630  $167,433  $71,327  $328,569  $248,991 
Adjusted EBITDA$178,836  $166,116  $133,113  $608,048  $456,292 
Free cash flow to adjusted EBITDA ratio 94%  101%  54%  54%  55%